Do you know Doctor APJ Abdul Kalam? Of course, everybody has heard of him. He was the renowned jewel of India. Let’s find out more in detail about his dedicated and inspiring life in this APJ Abdul Kalam Biography.
WHAT’S IN HERE FOR YOU ?
- WHO WAS DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM?
- DR.KALAM’S EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY.
- APJ ABDUL KALAM’S EDUCATION.
- APJ ABDUL KALAM’S CAREER AS A SCIENTIST AND HIS MAJOR PROJECTS
- DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM’S POLITICAL CAREER AS PRESIDENT OF INDIA
- DR. KALAM’S LIFE AFTER POLITICS AND DEATH
WHO WAS DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM?
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam also known as Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was an Indian scientist and former president of India.
As he had played a major role in developing India’s missile and nuclear systems. Therefore he is also known as the missile man of India.
He served as President of India from 2002 to 2007. He also remained a bachelor throughout his life.
DR.KALAM’S EARLY LIFE AND FAMILY.
APJ Abdul Kalam was born on 15 October 1931 in Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu.
He was born in a Tamil Muslim family and his father Jainulabdeen was an imam of a mosque and he also owned a boat.
His mother, Ashiamma was a housewife. His father used to earn by ferrying pilgrims in his boat.
Kalam had three brothers and one sister among his family, and Kalam was the youngest brother. His sister’s name was Asim Zahra and his brother’s names were Mohd. Maraikayam, Mustafa Kalam, and Kasim Mohd.
Abdul kalam’s family was not much rich .so to support his family kalam started selling newspapers from an early age.
APJ ABDUL KALAM’S EDUCATION.
In his school life kalam was an average child in accordance with grades but he was a very hardworking and bright student who was always in search of learning. Abdul Kalam’s favorite subject was Mathematics.
Abdul Kalam completed his school education at Schwartz Higher Secondary School, Ramanathapuram.
After then he studied in Saint Joseph College Tiruchirapalli of University of Madras, where he Studied in Physics as his graduating Subject.
But now Abdul kalam wanted to study engineering so he enrolled in Madras Institute of Technology for studying Aerospace engineering.
There is a famous incident at college where Kalam was working on a class Project so to test his seriousness the Dean told him that his project was going on a slow pace if he wants to continue his studies with scholarship then he has to complete the task within three days and guess what Kalam did it before the deadline.
Abdul kalam’s dream was to become a fighter pilot in Indian Air force and serve his nation, but he missed his dream with a little margin as he was placed ninth in qualifiers and only eight Vacancies were available.
APJ ABDUL KALAM’S CAREER AS A SCIENTIST AND HIS MAJOR PROJECTS
Dr. Kalam got graduated in Aeronautical engineering in 1960, he joined in Defense Research and Development Organization (DRDO) as a scientist.
His first project was to design a hovercraft, which was named Nandi after the name of the bull of lord shiva.
After that, he got a call from Indian Committee for Space Research to attend an interview for the post of a rocket engineer.
He was interviewed by Dr. Vikram Sarabhai, father of Indian Space Research organization Kalam tells that his interview questions were testing the possibilities of what Kalam See within himself more thane technical skills.
Later he worked under him until kalam was transferred to the Indian Space Research organization in 1969, where he successfully launched the Rohini satellite in near-earth Orbit.
Kalam was working on an independent rocket Project since 1965 and in 1969 he got the government’s approval to expand the project and hire more engineers Kalam also went to NASA research Centre for six months between 1963 to 1964 for a training Programme.
Between the 1960s to 1970s. Kalam worked on Polar Satellite Launch vehicle and satellite launch Vehicle – 3 which were both very successful.
Abdul Kalam also witnessed the country’s first nuclear test program, Smiling Buddha. In the 1970s Kalam also led two secret projects Project Devil and Project Valiant, whose aim was to develop ballistic missiles using the technology of Successful satellite Launch Vehicle program
AN INFOGRAPHIC OF APJ ABDUL KALAM
These projects were kept secret because the Union Cabinet disapproved of them, but Prime Minister Indira Gandhi was having to believe in Dr. kalam so she secretly funded these projects.
As these projects were successful government decided to start an advanced missile program under Dr. Kalam’s leadership.
Then Defence Minister R. Venkataram and made a suggestion to Dr. Kalam that instead of developing missiles one by one why not quickly start the simultaneous development of missiles.
This mission was named as Integrated Guided-missile development program whose leader was Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam.
Under this mission, Dr. Kalam led the development as many missiles such as Agni and Prithvi which are intermediate-range ballistic missiles.
He also developed the tactical surface to Surface missile respectively. Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam also played an important role in Pokhran – ll nuclear program conducted in the late 1990s.
He served as Chief Project Coordinator during this program and during that time he was getting known as India’s best nuclear scientist.
Dr. Kalam wanted to get retired at the age of 60 in 1991 but he was not freed from his post by the government.
After Pokhran tests, he served as principal scientific adviser to the government of India in the seat of a cabinet minister.
In 2001 he returned to academics and started teaching as a professor at Anna University, Chennai.
DR. APJ ABDUL KALAM’S POLITICAL CAREER AS PRESIDENT OF INDIA
On 25th July 2002, Dr. Kalam was Sworn in as eleventh President of India Succeeding KR Narayanan. He won the 2002 presidential elections with very little opposition.
In June 2002 National Democratie Alliance stated that Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam will be nominated for the post of President. After this announcement even Narayanan choose not to apply for a second term.
Even before the polling begin media started claiming that Dr. Kalam will win with a huge count.
He was the first bachelor and first scientist to become the president of India Dr. Kalam was the third President to have been awarded the highest civilian award of India, the Bharat Ratna (1997) before becoming the president.
Due to his huge victory and his style of working he was also known as People’s President other major Awards he got include prestigious Padma Bhusan (1981) and Padma Vibhusban (1990) awards.
During his tenure, his controversial actions include working only on one mercy petitions out of twenty-one served to him and for his mood to impose President Rule in Bihar in 2005.
In 2003 Dr. kalam also supported the Uniform Civil Code in India according to which personal laws of major communities in India will be replaced by a common set of rules for all citizens.
Dr. Kalam told that his toughest decision during his Presidency life was to sign the Office of Profit Bill according to which it will behold a member of the Indian Parliament from holding an office which would give him the opportunity to gain a financial profit
At the end of his first term, he was willing to go for the second term and it was clear that he would win but later he pulled out himself of politics.
DR. KALAM’S LIFE AFTER POLITICS AND DEATH
After retiring from politics he became a visiting professor to IIM Shillong, IIM Ahmedabad and IIM Indore, a fellow of IIsc Bangalore; chancellor of IIST Thiruvananthapuram and at many other posts, he remained connected to educational institutions.
On 27 July 2015 Dr. APJ Abdul Kalam was delivering a lecture in IIM Shillong and in between he suddenly collapsed upon reaching the hospital he was out of pulse. Dr. Kalam will always be remembered for his simplicity, integrity, and dedication towards work.
He always wanted people to remember him as a teacher.
Abdul Kalam was a very disciplined person just like Mahatma Gandhi, so you would like to read about Mahatma Gandhi also.
APJ Abdul Kalam was a great human who achieved heights of success with his focus and determination. He did a lot for country made country proud.
We must learn from him that despite being poor we can achieve anything.
ALSO READ ABOUT:
Avul Pakir Jainulabdeen Abdul Kalam
27 July 2015
Rameshwaram, Tamil Nadu.