Ugh! Dandruff, that white flaky substance that falls from scalp to shoulders and eyebrows. Well, Dandruff is a common problem that many people are facing nowadays. Kudos! We have natural remedies for dandruff and some antidandruff shampoo that works effectively on dandruff.
Home remedies work amazingly on dandruff if the condition is not serious. If your condition is serious, then you can talk to your dermatologist. Nowadays, there are a lot of contemporary hair care products available in the market for dandruff treatment.
In this article, I will make you understand the causes, signs, and some medical dandruff treatment as well as natural dandruff treatment.
Table of Content
- Causes of dandruff
- Sign of dandruff
- Best Dandruff Treatment shampoo
- Effective Natural Dandruff Treatment at Home
- Preventive Measures
- Common User’s Question
Causes of Dandruff
Before discussing medical and natural dandruff treatment, let’s talk about the causes of dandruff.
The war against terror is like a war against dandruff. It is a metaphor… It’s not about anything…..–Gore Vidal
Dandruff is a tiny white flake that keeps falling from your scalp. Therefore, dandruff is a common long term scalp problem that causes flakiness.
It also causes tingling skin and a greasy patch on the skin. Moreover, almost half of the population of the world is suffering from dandruff. Dandruff is all about the scalp not about hair.
In medical terms, dandruff is known as seborrhea dermatitis which occurs due to bacterial and fungal infection on the scalp, improper hair brushing, as well as stress.
In many cases, people who are suffering from eczema as well as the ones who have dry irritated scalp are more prone to dandruff.
Dandruff usually happens when fungus named as Malassezia grow on your scalp as believed by scientists.
But there are some other factors for the formation of those small white flakes like unhealthy poor diet, dry irritated scalp, oily or seborrheic dermatitis, age, not enough hair brushing, and excessive use of modern hair care products. So, let’s learn more about these factors that cause dandruff:
Malassezia is a class of yeast-like fungus that results in infection. People who are more prone to this type of yeast tends to develop fungus on their scalp and can also cause skin inflammation.
The formation of fungus causes skin cells to dry and hence results in dandruff. Foods like beer, wine, and bread have high yeast value which can also help in the formation of yeast-like fungus.
There is some medical and natural dandruff treatment that can be used to get rid of Malassezia fungus.
Not Enough Hair Brushing
Not proper brushing of hair can cause irritation and hence flakes. When you properly brush your hair, your skin sheds off that prevent the risk of flakes.
Unhealthy Poor Diet
Nutritional deficiencies can increase the chance of flakes. For example, zinc and vitamins are the two most important nutrition. It is important to eat a healthy clean diet as well as a balanced diet to nourish your scalp. The more greener you eat, the healthier your body will be. Eating good and right can be the best remedy for dandruff
Dry Irritated Skin
Dry skin is one of the clear reasons for dandruff. People with dry skin are more prone to flakes and can cause dandruff. Further, we will discuss some home remedies to cure dandruff and to get rid of the dry irritated scalp.
Oily Skin and Seborrheic Dermatitis
It is one of the obvious causes of dandruff. People who are having seborrheic dermatitis are having oily skin and are more prone to dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis also causes redness of the skin filled with flakes. The redness of skin usually mostly affects oily skin.
As we get older, human hormones tend to develop many changes. Consequently, these changes are responsible for dandruff. By age, flakes suddenly outburst and can stay forever.
Excessive Use of Modern Hair Products
Shampooing too hard and frequently can dry out your scalp and can cause redness and flakes.
Sign of Dandruff
The best way to detect dandruff is to check those tiny white flakes on your hair, shoulders, eyebrows, and beard as well as mustache of men.
White flakes cause itchiness which is also a sign of dandruff. Scratching dandruff scalp can make things worse as it may increase your dandruff problem. If your scalp irritates, it causes redness which is the early sign of dandruff. Above all, white flakes are the major symptoms of dandruff.
Now we have understood a little about why dandruff occurs. So, let’s talk about some medical dandruff treatment to get rid of dandruff.
Best Dandruff Treatment Shampoo
There are a lot of medicated hair care shampoos available in the market to get rid of this dandruff. We have classified different dandruff shampoo according to their medication and properties. So let’s go:
Shampoos containing Salicylic Acid
Salicylic acid is a flake removing agent which helps in removing flakes from the scalp. For example, Baker’s P &S and Neutrogena T/Sal.
Shampoos containing Pyrithione Zinc
Pyrithione zinc is an excellent antibacterial and antifungal agent which helps in removing fungus infection that gives rise to those tiny white flakes. For example, Jason Dandruff relief 2 in 1, DermaZinc, and Head & Shoulders.
Shampoos containing Selenium Sulphide
Selenium Sulphide contains antifungal properties which eliminate fungus and clear your scalp. For example, Selsun Blue and Head & Shoulder. Use these products carefully as directed because it can also discolor your hair and scalp.
In some cases, these medicated shampoos can cause side effects on your skin. So you can use natural dandruff treatment at your place which is completely effective and safe to use.
Effective Natural Dandruff Treatment at Home
There are a lot of home remedies for dandruff and itchy scalp that you can try at home on a daily basis and this will definitely help you in getting rid of dandruff completely.
With these natural remedies for dandruff easily available at home, you don’t need to go salon for expensive dandruff relief treatments.
So, here are some natural dandruff treatment that you can try anytime and anywhere:
Dandruff Remedy: Aloe Vera
Aloe vera is a well known medicinal plant that has many benefits to your body and skin. People are using aloe vera for hundreds and thousands of years.
It contains many nutrients that help in treating skin problems as well as health-related problems.
Aloe vera has antifungal and antibacterial properties that help in treating fungal infection including dandruff one. It hydrates the skin to make your scalp healthy.
How to Use:
Extract the aloe vera gel from the leaf. Apply the gel on your scalp and massage for 5 minutes. Leave it for one hour and rinse off.
For effective results use aloe vera gel twice a week. Aloe vera is extremely good for your skin and health.
Dandruff Remedy: Coconut Oil
Coconut oil a daily use oil has numerous skincare benefits. It is another ingredient having antifungal properties that eliminate fungus and finish off dandruff.
Coconut oil penetrates easily into your skin and prevents skin inflammation and dryness. It deeply hydrates and nourishes your skin.
How to Use:
Take 3 tablespoons of coconut oil and massage for 2-3 minutes on your scalp. Leave it for about one hour and then wash it off with mild shampoo. Use this process twice a week.
Dandruff Remedy: Tea Tree Oil
Tea tree oil is known as the best home ingredient for daily skincare routine but it is also used to treat dandruff. It has antifungal properties that can control Malassezia.
This amazing oil removes fungus from the scalp that causes dandruff. It also protects the skin from inflammation and redness. It nourishes and soothes the skin.
How to Use:
You will need 3-4 drops of tea tree oil and 3-4 drops of jojoba oil or olive oil. Mix these two-ingredient well and apply on your scalp with the help of cotton pad. Repeat this process 3-4 times a week.
You can also add a few drops of this mixture to your regular shampoo.
Tea tree oil can be allergic to some people. So it is better to do a patch test before the actual process.
Dandruff Remedy: Apple Cider Vinegar(ACV)
ACV has strong antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties which makes it the best home remedy for itchy flaky skin.
It balances the pH level of the skin and hence removes fungus from the skin. ACV is a natural hair cleanser and helps unclogs the hair follicles.
Apple cider vinegar also helps in curing acne because of it anti-inflammatory properties.
How to Use:
You will need one tablespoon of ACV and three tablespoon water. Mix this two-ingredient well and apply it on your scalp for 5 minutes. Rinse off with mild shampoo. For effective results, use this recipe twice a week.
Always remember to dilute ACV with water as it can cause a burning sensation.
Dandruff Remedy: Lemons
Lemon juice contains citric acid which breaks down the cycle of fungus causing dandruff. It helps in regulating the natural pH level of the scalp by fighting bacteria.
Lemon juice is extremely good for more your skin as it kills bacteria and can be used as a cleanser.
How to Use:
You will need is fresh lemon juice and a cotton ball. Squeeze out 2 -3 tablespoon of lemon juice. Now dip a cotton ball in lemon juice and massage it on your scalp for about 7 minutes. Rinse off with mild shampoo. Repeat this process at least twice a week.
Dandruff Remedy: Probiotics
Probiotics are a special type of food that contains specific live bacteria which is good for your health as well as for your skin. They help in lowering cholesterol levels and even reduces weight. That is to say, probiotics are a great immune booster.
One such probiotic food is yogurt that contains a bacteria called Lactobacillus paracasei that reduces dandruff. This bacteria present in yogurt helps in restoring a balanced pH level of the scalp. Yogurt helps in putting back the natural pH level of your scalp by eliminating dandruff.
How to Use:
Take 6 tablespoons of yogurt in a bowl and leave it aside for 2-3 days so that it can ferment. After 2-3 days. Apply yogurt on your scalp and leave it for one hour. Rinse off with mild shampoo. Use this recipe twice a week.
You can also eat one bowl yogurt every day for good results as it will not only reduces dandruff but only boost your immune system.
You can also use curd if you don’t have yogurt.
So, these homemade recipes may help you in reducing dandruff effectively.
Here are some preventive measures you can keep in count:
- Drink as much water as you can. Drinking a lot of water will hydrate your skin. Hydrated skin will lock the moisture in your skin.
- Do not wash your hair daily as it will strip of natural oil from your skin and make your scalp dry.
- Do not use a harsh shampoo as it will disturb a pH level of the scalp.
- Try to avoid hair gel and hair spray.
- Always cover your hair while traveling.
Although dandruff can be annoying sometimes, trying the above treatment for dandruff can help in reducing dandruff. Dandruff is not curable but yes we can control dandruff.
You can consult with your dermatologist, if your dandruff doesn’t go away.
I hope you all like this blog. And don’t forget to eat healthy and clean. It is extremely important to have a healthy lifestyle.
Common User’s Question
Dandruff is caused by fungus formation and dry scalp skin while grey hair is caused due to the change in hair pigmentation.
Maintaining a right and healthy diet is highly essential. You can include this food in your diet:
Dandruff cannot be cured permanently but we can control the dandruff.
Washing hair everyday can remove natural oil from your scalp and make your hair dry. It is recommended to wash your hair every 3rd day.
No, dandruff is not contagious.
Please comment below if you like my content.
Hey! I am Prachi Gupta from Zirakpur, Punjab.