Hello Friends, here today we are presenting an inspirational biography of Mahatma Gandhi, Because he the spiritual personality of India. We are confident that this biography will be liked by all of you readers and will inspire all of you, so let’s start without delay Let’s do Gandhi Biography.
What’s in it for me?
- Who is Mahatma Gandhi
- Personal Information
- Gandhi Work In South Africa
- Mahatma Gandhi Works In India
- Mahatma Gandhi Contribution To The Freedom Movement
- Different views of Mahatma Gandhi
- Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Death
- Major movements
Who was Mahatma Gandhi
Our land of India has been the birthplace and workplace of men so great that they not only inspired the entire public with their work style but also spread the light of their personality and work not only in India. but all over the world, Such great humanitarian heroes were the father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi.
As well as great man, Mahatma Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869, in Porbandar, Gujarat. Then name was Karam Chand Gandhi and his mother Putlibai and father was the Diwan of Rajkot. Her mother also a woman of religious opinion, whose opinions had a special impact on Gandhi.
Personal Information Of Mahatma Gandhi
|Name||Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi|
|Father name||Karamchand Gandhi|
|Date of Birth||October 2, 1869|
|Place of birth||Porbandar region of Gujarat|
|Wife||Kasturbai Makhanji Kapadia [Kasturba Gandhi]|
|Children (sons)||Harilal, Manilal, Ramdas, Devdas|
|Died||30 January 1948|
So friends, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi had his early education in Rajkot and, in 1881, he entered high school. and was married to Kasturba Bai at the age of thirteen. In 1887, Gandhi passed the enrollment exam and was admitted to Samaldas College, Bhavnagar,
But at the behest of the family, he had to go to England to complete his remaining studies. and he completed his law studies in England.
Then up in Indian rites, Gandhi had a hard time coordinating with Western civilization there. Western civilization also followed, but their family rites were won. Gandhi resided here and followed family rites to the fullest.
So friends, In 1891, he returned to India as a lawyer. Meanwhile, Gandhi had to go to South Africa in connection with the trial of a Muslim business institution called Dada Abdullah and Abdullah.
Here in South Africa, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was kidnapped from the train while travelling to Pretoria by train. They were black Indians. That is why South African whites abused themselves as part of their black politics.
Because of this, a flame of rebellion broke out in his heart. Then Karamchand Gandhi, along with the black Indians, resolved to fight the white government. along with the diaspora that lives here,
Then he formed an organization and launched Satyagraha, In May 1894, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi Established the Indian Congress in Natal, In 1896, he came to India and started a movement for the South African Indians.
He settled there that year together with his family. Because against the law that abuses the hostages of India and invalidates all the marriages of Indians. and is returned to India in 1901, In 1902, at the invitation of the diaspora, he again had to go to South Africa.
So, In 1904, the Phoenix Ashram was established and organized Indian agitators there, From here he wrote a letter called Opinion of India,and By staying here, Mahatma Gandhi launched various movements against the white government. He was also sentenced to 10 months of rigorous prison on January 10, 1908.
Moreover, Truth, non-violence and Satyagraha were Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi promises. So, In 1913, there was a movement in South Africa to protest the repeal of the Survey Tax. But he returned on bail and returned to India in 1915.
Gandhi Work In South Africa
So, After some time, fortunately, he found a great Indian businessman who had a great business in South Africa. Because he needed a good lawyer in South Africa in any of his complicated cases. Because he agreed to do this work by paying a very high fee to Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi, He called Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi to South Africa.
Moreover, Upon arriving in South Africa, he saw people of Indian origin in a very pathetic state. Then they decided to improve their condition and made the Indians realize their rights, He organized them by creating awareness in them.
The Congress that he founded for the Indians in South Africa remains the main party there. Mahatma Gandhi and his comrades were imprisoned but did not abandon their fight.
After the passing of a law called the Indian Relief Act in 1914, the condition of people of Indian origin improved significantly after that.
Works In India
So friends now we continue biography work in India: success in the South African movement, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi returned to India, and He became a member of the Congress Party, and he gave a new life to the party and gave a new education to the freedom movement. He soon became their leader.
Then under his leadership, Congress took the path of non-violence and strongly opposed the black laws of the British government by non-cooperation movements. Because he strongly opposed the Rowlatt Act and other black laws.
Along with this, he suggested constructive works such as social reform and Hindu-Muslim unity against the Congress party. He raised a strong voice against Untouchability and gave respectable comments like ‘Harijan’ to the untouchables. In Defence of Hindu-Muslim unity.
Moreover, he even gave his life, The British government did everything possible to suppress the freedom movement, and many times he caught Gandhi and other Indian leaders and imprisoned them. But it gave India independence. India became independent on August 15, 1947.
Contribution To The Freedom Movement
So, In 1917, Mahatma Gandhi protested against the Indian workers being held hostage In 1918, Satyagraha organized for the demands of the cotton factory workers. Because he opposed the Rowlatt Act in 1919.
Then 1920, the British government opposed the Turkish Sultan Kamal Pasha by being deprived of a monopoly in the holy places of Islam and returned the Saffron-e-Hind medal, the Boer war medal, the Zulu war medal.
In 1921, he took a 5-day fast opposing the Prince of Wales’ visit to India. Satyagraha started in 1922. On April 6, 1930, Dandi violated the salt law while travelling. He again Satyagraha in December 1931, opposing various policies of the Ghori Government.
Gandhi, Who was condemned in various agitations from 1931 to 1940, launched the Do or Die Movement and British Quit India in 1942 to protest against the British Government’s promise after World War II. (Know more about World War II).
Which had such a national impact that all Indians they got completely This move? Finally, the British had to leave India. On August 15, 1947, the country became independent.
Different views of Mahatma Gandhi
Moreover, Mahatma Gandhi gave the greatest importance in life to truth and non-violence and he fought the British for Satyagraha and non-cooperation, and considered all humans equal, Discrimination based on religion, caste, creed, colour, race was considered a stigma against humanity.
Mahatma Gandhi called the untouchables as Harijan. He wanted to eradicate economic inequality and establish a classless and Casteless society.
He gave special importance to manual labour and social justice. They considered the democratic state as a welfare state.
According to Mahatma Gandhi
“Ethical conduct must have special importance in life. Truth, justice, religion, non-violence, Aparigraha, selfless service is the true service of humanity. True religion is the service of the distressed. “
Then gave special importance to the spirit of Vasudhaiva Kutumbakam from national and international points of view, For the proper elevation of any nation, the problems of Family, Caste, Village, Region, and country must be improved. Sudheer himself, then Jag would improve, he believed.
Mahatma Gandhi philosophy of education was very broad. They viewed education as the process and purpose of a person’s physical, mental, spiritual (body, mind, and soul) development.
Education must have some form of unemployment insurance that provides some kind of skill for the person. Their basic educational system was based on this principle. The formation of craft industries and trades and the knowledge of the mother tongue were considered a compulsory educational process.
Mahatma Gandhi Death
Friends we are also loved Bapu who was on the path of development and freedom and gave a new direction to humanity was a strong opponent of communalism. On January 30, 1948, this man of the nation was shot by a young man named Nathuram Godse while attending a prayer meeting. Mahatma Gandhi became immortal even after his death.
Major movements related to Mahatma Gandhi
The Champaran movement was started by Mahatma Gandhi in 1917. This movement was organized in the Champaran district of Bihar. The Champaran movement is also known as Champaran Satyagraha.
This movement was organized against atrocities against farmers by the owner. The owners forced the farmers to grow indigo and were forced to sell them at a fixed price. This atrocity was done by the owners to the farmers.
The peasants wanted to get rid of this and the peasants sought Mahatma Gandhi help to avoid this tyranny. Mahatma Gandhi went to Champaran to see the situation in Champaran. Where a crowd of thousands surrounded Mahatma Gandhi and the farmers told Mahatma Gandhi all his problems.
Seeing this mass with Mahatma Gandhi, the British government also took action and the government through its police ordered Mahatma Gandhi to leave the district. Mahatma Gandhi refused to accept this order, in which the Police arrested Mahatma Gandhi.
Mahatma Gandhi was due to appear in court the next day. But before Gandhi appeared, a crowd of thousands of farmers gathered at court, shouting slogans in support of Mahatma Gandhi. The magistrate ordered Gandhi to leave without bail,
But Gandhi did not obey this order and did not comply with the law. According to the demand for punishment, but the magistrate postponed the decision and after this Gandhi began his work and the Champaran movement began.
In the Gandhi movement, the general public along with farmers also supported and the British government was forced to form a committee and Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi became a member of it. Mahatma Gandhi postponed all those proposals that were against farmers. In this way the first Mahatma Gandhi Chandran Satyagraha made in India was won.
In 1918 a city called Kheda in Gujarat was flooded and the farmers’ harvest was destroyed. Because the farmers were unable to pay the tax imposed by the British government. The farmers sought Mahatma Gandhi to help to get out of this dilemma,
So Mahatma Gandhi agitated the farmers’ tax exemption, known as’ Kheda Satyagraha ‘, in this movement Mahatma Gandhi won the full support of the public along with the farmers. And finally, in May 1918, the British government had to announce its relief to farmers by modifying its tax rules and, therefore, this movement was also successful.
The Non-Cooperation Movement was launched in September 1920. There were many important reasons behind the execution of this movement. In 1919, the British government passed the Rowlatt Act, which the Indian people called the “black law”.
As well as In protest against the Rowlatt Law, a meeting was called on April 13, 1919, at Jallianwala Bagh in Punjab, in which thousands of people gathered. British General Dyer also arrived there with his troops and ordered to shoot unarmed people. Because thousands of innocent children, women and men were killed.
Due to this boldness of the British government, the British government was surrounded by general opposition.
As well as Mahatma Gandhi announced the Non-Cooperation Movement in September 1920 in protest against the British Government. The non-cooperation movement lasted from 1920 to 1922. In 1922, due to the Chora Chori scandal, Mahatma Gandhi had to withdraw the non-cooperation movement.
In its initial phase, the Non-Cooperation Movement was in full swing, and this included boycotting government posts, schools, government courts, abandonment of foreign assets. But during this movement, there was an incident of violence by the agitators in a place called Chora Chori.
They burned a police officer and 21 soldiers and killed him. The non-cooperation movement was beginning to leave the path of Mahatma Gandhi non-violence, so in 1922, Mahatma Gandhi withdrew the non-cooperation movement.
Salt Satyagraha / Dandi March
Mahatma Gandhi started the Salt Satyagraha movement to break the ban imposed on the manufacture of salt by the British government. This movement began on March 12, 1930, But the virtue of this, Mahatma Gandhi eliminated the Dandi March.
So Mahatma Gandhi, along with his 72 followers, and walked from the Sabarmati Ashram on foot and completed a 240 km journey in 24 days and reached the coast of the city of Dandi. It broke After Mahatma Gandhi made salt, the salt law was broken across the country.
This was the incident because Mahatma Gandhi came into the eyes of the world. The trip received wide coverage by the European and American press.
This was the first nationalist activity, and in which, women also participated extensively. Socialist activist Kamaladevi Chattopadhyay explained to Mahatma Gandhi that he should not limit his movements to men. Kamaladevi herself was one of the countless women who had been arrested en masse in violation of the salt or liquor laws.
It was due to Salt Yatra that the British realized that their rule would not last long now and they would have to give the Indians a share of power.
This Mahatma Gandhi movement was also successful.
Exit the Indian movement
The movement to leave India was started by Mahatma Gandhi in August 1942. This movement was the third major movement among the movements led by Mahatma Gandhi. so his move was the most effective of all moves so far and the English government had to step on its heels to deal with this move.
But due to the mistakes made in its operation, this movement soon became a monarchy. This movement did not start simultaneously in India and this was the main reason why this movement soon became a monarchy. Under this movement, the Indians felt that we will now obtain freedom.
So due to his thinking, the movement began to weaken and soon collapsed. But this move had made the British government realize that now its government in India could not continue and that it would have to leave India if not today.
On January 30, 1948, Mahatma Gandhi was shot dead by Nathuram Godse.
Those were the last words that came out of Mahatma Gandhi mouth. O Ram, O Ram, O Ram.
Mahatma Gandhi took the path of non-violence and truth throughout his life and urged compatriots to follow this path.
Mahatma Gandhi Motive: Don’t Listen, Don’t Look Bad, Don’t Say Bad
According to me, Mahatma Gandhi is a hero and he is really a great man and he is also the reason for our Independence so he is the father of the nation. As well as he is a great leader, and he is an inspirational personality. His motive is “Don’t Listen, Don’t Look Bad, Don’t Say Bad.”
Mahatma Gandhi was that personality, he inspires all of us. Mahatma Gandhi says: Do not ask for prayer. It is a longing for the soul. This is an admission of their weaknesses every day. It is better to pray without words than to pray, not to mind while having a promise.
Frequently Asked Question
Mahatma Gandhi full name is Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi.
That time Mahatma Gandhi age 13 years old.
The political guru of Mahatma Gandhi Gopal Krishna Gokhale.
Nathuram Godse is killed Mahatma Gandhi.
South Africa in 1906, September to protest against the Asiatic Ordinance issued against the Indians in Transvaal.
Jallianwalabagh Massacre (1919)
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