Hello Friends, here today we are presenting an inspirational biography of Subhas Chandra Bose, because he spiritual personality of India. We are confident that this biography will be liked by all of you readers and will inspire all of you, so let’s start without delay Let’s do Subhas Chandra Bose Biography.
What’s in it for me?
- Who is Subhash Chandra Bose
- Personal Information
- Childhood And Early Life
- Political Career
- Formation Of The Indian National Army
- Subhash Chandra Bose Death
- Netaji’s Personal Life And Legacy
- Subhash Chandra Bose Awards
Who was Subhash Chandra Bose
Subhash Chandra Bose, a true Indian revolutionary and nationalist leader, is without a doubt one of the prominent names on the list of those who gave their lives to the independence of India.
Then is popular throughout the country for his saying, “Give me blood and I’ll give you freedom,” which reflects very well his patriotism and love for the country.
Like many other Indian nationalist leaders, he envisioned an independent India and completing Swaraj from the British Raj. Although Bose’s ideology and philosophy did not coincide with those of Mahatma Gandhi and other leaders of the Indian National Congress, he had the same vision as any other nationalist hero.
Then he is known for his political skills and military knowledge and fighting, which he often referred to as the moral crusade. Because Hind Radio founder Azad Hind Army in exile and Azad Hind Sarkar made their intentions clear from the start.
Although he was not very successful in his effort, his determination and hard work are commendable.
|Full Name||Subhas Chandra Bose|
|Profession||Politician, Military Leader, Civil Service officer & Freedom Fighter|
|Date of Birth||23 January 1897|
|Date of Death||18 August 1948|
|Birth Place||Cuttack, Odisha, India|
|Educational Qualification||Bachelor of Arts (B.A)|
|Brother||Sharat Chandra Bose and 6 more|
|Hobbies||Reading & Writing|
Childhood And Early Life
So, Subhash Chandra Bose was born in the ridge of Odisha on the 23rd of January 1897. Out of the fourteen children of Janakinath Bose and Shri, Mati Prabhavati was the ninth children. Janakinath, father of Subhash Chandra Bose was a famous lawyer at that time.
Many were impressed by his legal practice to tell you that before he was a government lawyer, he started his own private practice. After this, he worked in “kayak” corporation for a long time and he was a member of Bengal legislative assembly.
Rai bahadur ‘s title was given to him by the British also. Subhash Chandra Bose also received patriotism as a legacy from his father. Janakinath, though a government official, joined congress sessions and played a strong part in public service.
Subhash Chandra Bose ‘s mother Prabhavati was the daughter of a family of orthodox Dutt in north Calcutta. She was a woman of strong will, intelligent and tactful character and at the same time provided for such a large family with great skill.
Subhash Chandra Bose was very promising in studies since his childhood and completed his primary schooling from the Protestant European school at Cuttack, and in 1909 he took admission in the Ravenshaw collegiate school.
Moreover, He had made a thorough study of Swami Vivekananda ‘s literature with the great impact of his personality as principal Benimadhava das on a leader. Because With his hard work and devotion to studies, Subhash Chandra Bose stood second in the matriculation examination and was successful in his studies.
In 1911 Subhash Chandra Bose took admission in presidency college but later on, there was a dispute between the teachers and students regarding anti – India comments.
So, After which Subhash Chandra Bose joined the students and was expelled from the college for a year and was not allowed to appear for the examination. He was tempted to recruit in the Bengali regiment but he was refused because of bad eyes.
As well as Chandra Bose followed this in 1918 in philosophy from the Scottish College of the Calcutta University. Obtained the degree, then Subhash Chandra Bose took admission in Fitzvillium college in Cambridge to join the Indian civil services examination (ICS).
In order to fulfil the wishes of his father Janakinath, Subhash Chandra Bose had passed the examination in the fourth place and had a job in the department of civil service, but Subhash Chandra Bose could not perform the job for long because the job for Subhash Chandra Bose was something like working within a British government and had not accepted the job morally.
Subhash Chandra Bose then decided to leave the job and returned to India. Subhash Chandra Bose had a spirit of patriotism right from his childhood and joined the Indian national congress to contribute to the freedom movement and made his important contribution to the cause of India ‘s freedom.
In order to win the war, Subhash Chandra Bose took the first step forward to launch the paper of Swaraj and took charge of propaganda for the Bengal provincial congress committee.
The spirit of nationalism developed in leaders, Subhash Chandra Bose with the guidance and cooperation of C.R das, soon achieved the President ‘s Presidentship to the all India youth congress and served as the secretary of the congress in 1923 in the state of Bengal.
Apart from this, Subhash Chandra Bose was made the editor of the forward paper by Chittaranjan das and was successful in securing the position of the CEO of the Calcutta municipal corporation.
Netaji sense of national interest was indoctrinated by Subhash Chandra Bose and his nationalist approach to the Indian struggle for freedom was not good with the British and so he was sent to jail in Mandley in 1925.
Netaji left the jail in 1927 and later developed his political career on the basis of his political career. Then Chandra Bose secured the post of general secretary of the congress party and started working with Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru.
(Know More About Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru)
So,The first prime minister of India in his fight to liberate the slave India from the grip of the British. Because,after three years Netaji was elected as the mayor of Calcutta who was giving up his influence on the people. In the middle of the 1930s, leader travelled the whole of Europe with bento Mussolini.
In a few years from his work, the leader had created a self – image of himself among the people and brought youthful thinking which made him the favourite and national leader of the people as a youth leader.
The Ideology Of The Leader Did Not Match Mahatma Gandhi
During a meeting of the congress, there were differences between some old and new thinking people, in which the young leaders did not want to follow any rules while they wanted to follow themselves, the old leaders wanted to go ahead with the British government.
Netaji and Gandhi views were quite different. They did not agree with Mahatma Gandhi non – violent ideology. His thoughts were young men who believed in violence also. The two had a different ideology, but the goal was to liberate slave India.
Let you know that when leader j. Netaji had won the nomination as President of the congress, Mahatma Gandhi was not pleased with his nomination,
Even when he had protested for Bose ‘s presidency, while it was only to win complete independence.
As well as, Along with the formation of his cabinet, Bose fought for differences in the Indian national congress. In the election of Congress President in 1939, Bose had defeated Pattaabhi Sitarayya (Gandhi elected candidate)
But his presidency could not continue for long because his belief system was contrary to the working committee.
Leader’s Resignation As The President of Congress, Formation of Forward Block
The annual congress session of 1939 was held in Tripuri. The session failed to attend him because of his illness. Then on 29 April 1939, Netaji had resigned from the position of President of the congress.
After his resignation as the President of the congress, Netaji formed a forward block on 22 June 1939,
Though Bose opposed the British rulers, Subhas Chandra was deeply impressed by the orderly and disciplined attitude of the British government.
Leader Had To Be Punished In Jail
During world war ii, Netaji advocated collective civil disobedience against the viceroy,
So Lord Linlithgow ‘s decision to fight on behalf of India without consulting the Congress leadership. This decision forced him to face imprisonment for seven days and face imprisonment for forty days.
On the 41st day of his arrest, Netaji went to his homeland to Germany as a cleric and arrived in Germany via Afghanistan,
Soviet Union, Moscow and Rome under the name of Orlando Majota in an Italian passport.
Leader Subhash Chandra Bose Relation With Germany
- Under the guidance of Adam von trot ZoulSolt, Netaji had set up a special bureau of India which broadcast the German sponsored Azad hind radio.
- Netajirelied upon the fact that the enemy was a friend and so demanded the cooperation of Germany and Japan against the British empire.
- Bose set up a free India centre in Berlin while free India relies on was signed up by about 3000 Indian prisoners.
- Netaji final return to the German war and the German army made an impression that the German army would no longer be able to help the British to get out of India.
Formation Of The Indian National Army
Then, Netaji left for Singapore in July 1943 where he revived the hopes of the formation of the Indian national army
To tell you that the national army was first formed in 1942 by captain-general Mohan Singh and was chaired by national leader rash BihariBose.
Later on, Subhas Chandra had entrusted the entire responsibility of the organisation to Subhas Chandra Bose. In the same way, it came to be known as the Indian national army and Netajias the leader.
Not only did the leader reorganize the troops but also attracted the attention of the NRIs from south-east Asia. Besides joining the army in the same manner, he started offering financial help.
Let me tell you that the Azad hind Army then emerged with a separate women unit, was the first such organisation in Asia.
The Azad hind Army expanded considerably and the organisation
Began to function under a provisional government of the Azad hind government. He had his own postage stamp, currency, courts and civil codes and approved by the nine-axis states.
The Leader Motivated The People By His Speech
Netaji charmed the people with his speech in 1944, and this speech made good hearsay at that time,
Let me tell you that he said in his inspiring speech to the people:
“You give me blood, and I will give you freedom”
Moreover, The speech made such an impression on the people that a large number of people joined the freedom struggle against the British rulers.
With Leader, the chief commander of the Azad hind Army, the army marched towards India to free the country from the British raj.
So on way, the Andaman and Nicobar Islands were liberated and the two islands were named after Swaraj and martyrdom. With this, the Rangoon for the army became the new base camp.
With its first commitment to the Burma front, the army fought a competitive battle against
The British and finally succeeded in hoisting the Indian national flag on the Manipur ground.
However, the sudden attack of the commonwealth forces took the Japanese and German army by surprise. Netaji departure from the Rangoon base camp shattered the dream of the political hind army to become an effective political unit.
Subhash Chandra Bose Death
As well as in the defeat of the Azad hind Army, the leader made plans to visit Russia to ask for help. But on 18 August 1945 Netaji plane was crushed in Taiwan and he died. The death of Netaji was still a subject of controversy and the greatest scepticism in Indian history
Netaji’s Personal Life And Legacy
- After disregarded the members of the forward block, Bose got married in 1937 with Emily Schnell, the veterinarian of Australia. Both of them were married to Hindu customs and a long time later a daughter Anita BosePhaff had been born out of them.
- On his way to Russia on 18th August 1945, an unfortunate accident took place in which he died. It is reported that the aircraft crashed in Taiwan due to engine trouble in the plane on which they were travelling.
- Netaji entire body was wound and fully burnt though he was admitted to the hospital for treatment but could not escape and four hours later he fell asleep forever.
- Netaji was cremated and a Buddhist memorial service was held at the Nishi Hongji Temple in Tohoku. Later, his ashes are buried at the Renkoji Temple in Tokyo, Japan.
Subhash Chandra Bose Awards
- Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose was posthumously awarded the Bharat Ratna Award, India’s highest civilian award. However, it was later withdrawn after PIL, which was filed in court against the ‘posthumous‘ nature of the award.
- A statue of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has been erected in front of the West Bengal Legislative Assembly, while his photo can also be seen on the walls of the Indian Parliament.
- A few days ago, Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose has been portrayed in popular cultures. Although he is fraudulent with the opinions of several authors who have written many books about him, there are many films that portray this hero of Indian nationalism.
According to me, Subhas Chandra Bose is an inspirational personality, Subhas Chandra Bose born on 23 January 1897 Cuttack, Orissa. so we proud of Subhash Chandra Bose. I know all the Indian people loved him.
On 18 August 1945 Neta ji plane was crushed in Taiwan and he died. W Salute him.And also we celebrate his birth date. He says: The intention of progress in life is that doubts may continue to arise and the process of resolving them should continue.
Frequently Asked Question
Subhas Chandra Bose born on 23 January 1897
Scottish Church College
Subhas Chandra Bose secondly elected as president of Congress in 1939. But later he left the congress in the same year.
The founder of Forward Block party is also Subhash Chandra Bose.
Subhas Chandra Bose
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