There are two main sources of milk in our country, cows and buffaloes. So cow milk vs buffalo milk which is best? That question is worth asking. But both have their own advantages and disadvantages of milk.
You know that milk is good for our bodies. So milk should be the staple food of our daily life. Milk contains all the nutrients that our body needs.
Cow milk vs buffalo milk Which we will see today.
(1) Cow milk vs buffalo milk Differences based on nutrients
Both cow’s milk and buffalo’s milk are rich in fats, calories, protein, calcium, and minerals such as magnesium, phosphorus, and potassium.
But the amount of nutrients in the milk of both is different. So let’s see what is the amount of nutrients in cow milk vs buffalo milk.
So what nutrients does your body need? Knowing this, you should take only milk that suits your body. So let us know in detail about the nutrients in cow milk vs buffalo milk.
Fat is a very important nutrient in milk. The existence of milk is due to fat. The more fat in the milk, the more it has value.
But the human body does not need too much fat. High-fat milk is used only in the dairy industry. Because creams from fat are both. And more cream gives more dairy products.
Fat is responsible for the thickness of milk. Buffalo milk contains more fat than cow’s milk. Cow’s milk contains 4 to 5 percent fat. While buffalo milk contains 6 to 10 percent fat. So buffalo milk is thicker.
If we take 1 liter of milk, cow’s milk contains 32 grams of fat, and buffalo’s milk contains 70 grams of fat.
As we have seen, cow’s milk is thinner than buffalo’s milk, so cow’s milk contains more water. Cow’s milk is easier to digest as it contains more water and less fat. If we take 1 litre of milk, cow’s milk contains 90% water and buffalo’s milk contains 83% water.
Milk is a source of protein. And protein is a very important element for our body.
Buffalo milk contains 10 to 12 percent more protein than cow’s milk. So buffalo milk can tolerate more heat.
So buffalo milk can be stored longer in the southern region. If we take 1 litre of milk, cow’s milk contains 32 grams of protein, and buffalo’s milk contains 36 grams of protein.
Because buffalo milk is high in protein and fat, buffalo milk is also high in calories. One liter of buffalo milk contains 971 calories. While 1 liter of cow’s milk has 610 calories.
Buffalo milk contains more minerals than cow’s milk. Buffalo milk contains more calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, potassium, iron than cow’s milk. Also, buffalo milk is rich in vitamin D.
(6) Vitamin A
Buffalo milk contains much more vitamin A than cow’s milk. So the buffalo milk looks white. When cow’s milk appears creamy white.
The table below shows the difference between the nutrients in one liter of cow’s milk and buffalo’s milk.
Lactose is a type of sugar found in milk. Milk has a sweetness due to lactose. But some human bodies cannot digest this lactose. So they should decide which milk to use based on the lactose in it.
Buffalo milk contains more lactose than cow’s milk. If we take 1 liter of milk, it contains 45 grams of lactose in cow’s milk and 53 grams in buffalo’s milk.
The table below shows the difference between the nutrients in one litre of cow milk vs buffalo milk.
|Nutrients||Buffalo milk||Cow milk|
|Carbs||49 grams||49 grams|
|Protein||36 grams||32 grams|
|Fat||70 grams||32 grams|
|Lactose||53 grams||45 grams|
|Calcium||32% of the daily value (DV)||21% of the DV|
(2) Cow milk vs buffalo milk which is better for a newborn baby?
As you can see, because cow’s milk is low in fat and protein, cow’s milk is thin. And it has more water in it. So cow’s milk is easy to digest. Indian “Deshi” cow’s milk is equal to mother’s milk.
So “native” cow’s milk is very good for a newborn baby. If the mother of a newborn baby dies, the baby must be given “native” cow’s milk. And it is also advisable. For the baby to live and grow.
(3) Cow milk vs buffalo milk Which is better for health?
As you can see, cow’s milk and buffalo’s milk are rich in nutrients. So milk is very good for our health. So milk should be included in your daily diet. For your healthy life.
But since cow’s milk and buffalo’s milk have different amounts of nutrients such as fat, calories, protein, calcium, and minerals, they are also used for different health benefits.
Cow’s milk is right for you if you want to lose weight. This is because cow’s milk is low in fat and calories. Buffalo milk is a must for you if you want to maintain or gain weight.
Cow’s milk is suitable for newborns and the elderly. Because it is quickly digested.
Buffalo milk is very useful for young children and young men. Factors that are rich in calcium and minerals.
Since buffalo milk is high in calcium and vitamin D, drinking milk is very good for strengthening your bones and teeth.
Also Read: India is no.1 to Production of milk now
(4) Cow milk vs buffalo milk Which is best for dairy products?
The dairy industry is involved in making various products from milk, as well as disinfecting and packing raw milk and selling it in the market.
The dairy industry produces dairy products such as butter, yogurt, ghee, buttermilk, paneer, cheese, milk powder, flavored milk, ice cream, chocolate, and sweets. And for this the milk of both cow and buffalo is used.
But since the amount of fat and protein in both the milk varies, different milk is used according to the products.
The first packing is made of milk. And cow’s milk is excellent for that. Because packing milk is used directly in food or as a drink. And cow’s milk is suitable for it. It contains the required amount of fat, calories, protein, and minerals.
Milk powder is then made. Milk powder is used in exchange for packing milk. Packing milk cannot be stored for more than a day, so milk powder is used for prolonged use. And only cow’s milk is used for that.
Butter, ghee, yogurt, and whey are now made from milk. Butter and ghee are the products of fat in milk. The more fat in the milk, the more butter and ghee. Therefore, the use of buffalo milk for making butter and ghee is profitable.
Butter and ghee are extracted from the milk in the form of cream, and after that the milk remains. Yogurt and buttermilk are made from milk. Yogurt and buttermilk do not require fat. So cow’s milk is also used.
Paneer and cheese are made from the protein in milk. So paneer and cheese are sources of protein. Therefore they should be used in daily diet. Buffalo milk is also used to make paneer and cheese. Because it is high in protein.
Ice cream is a form of milk cream. So since you get more cream from buffalo milk, it is profitable to use buffalo milk in ice cream making.
While flavoured milk and sweets are made from cow’s milk.
Also Read: 5 source of milk in India.
Finally we also come to the conclusion that cow’s milk should be used in daily diet. Young men should try to use buffalo milk as it contains a lot of nutrients. And the amount of fat is also higher.