Cricket rules are formed by ICC that is International Cricket Council for the betterment of the game. Or you can say for conducting the game honestly I mean not in a cheated manner.
SOME BASIC CRICKET RULES
- Cricket is played between two teams each team must have eleven players.
- Games consist of at least one innings where each team will take turns in batting and bowling.
- The fielding team will have a bowler who bowls the ball to the batsman. And the batsman tries to hit the ball with his bat.
- The fielding team tries to get the batsmen out by…
- Hitting the wickets with the ball when bowling
- Catching a batsman’s shot on the full
- Hitting the batsman’s leg in front of the wicket (LBW)
- Or hitting the wickets before the batsmen can run to the other end of the pitch
- The batsmen try to score as many runs as possible before getting out by-
- Hitting the ball and running between the wickets and making it to the other end before the fielders can hit the wickets with the ball. Each time you run one full length of the pitch it equals 1 run.
- Hitting the ball to the boundary along the ground is 4 runs.
- Hitting the ball over the boundary on the full equals 6 runs.
- The fielding team must get 10 batsmen out before they can change over and start batting.
- The aim of the game is to score as many runs as possible before the fielding team takes 10 wickets or the over completed.
- The team with the most runs wins.
RULES IN ODIS
In ODIs :-
The Rule of Time Out:
If a player becomes out / retired hurt then the forthcoming batsman should take the guard from the umpire within 3 minutes or come to the crease to play otherwise the forthcoming batsman shall be declared out.
No appeal No Out:
If a batsman gets out of some way (like LBW, caught behind etc.) and the fielding team does not appeal for out then the batsman can not be given out even if the batsman was clearly out. The appeal is mandatory.
If Bails don’t fall then Not Out:
A batsman is declared out if a bail is completely removed from the top of the stumps. If the bails don’t fall even after the ball hit the wicket then the batsman shall be declared Not out.
The Rules for injured Players:
If the injured player goes outside the field and returns on the field without informing the umpire then 5 runs are cut from the score of the fielding team.
Out if Hit the ball twice:
The striker is out if he hit the ball twice with any part of his body or bat before the ball has been touched by a fielder.
Returning the ball to a fielder:
Either batsman is out if (during the playtime) he uses the bat or any part of his person to return the ball to any fielder without his consent.
This is a kind of run out. It happens when a bowler; before releasing the ball or without completing his usual delivery swing, attempt to run out the non-striker if the non-striker tries to run from crease before the delivery of the ball.
Shot Playing Time:
Normally it happens that when a bowler is ready to throw the ball, the batsmen should be ready to play the shot. But if a batsman is not ready to play the shot within 2 minutes, then he is given the first warning and if he repeats this mistake, then the umpire is authorized to give 5 runs to the fielding team.
Disturbing to Batsmen:
If a fielding player disturbs the batsman before paying the ball is thrown then this ball shall be declared dead ball by the umpire and 5 runs are also given to the batting team.
Only 4 Substitute Players:
In the one day cricket; each team captain shall nominate 11 players plus a maximum of 4 substitute fielders in written to the ICC Match Referee before the toss.
If there is any change in the playing eleven after the submission of final nomination then this can be done only with the consent of the captain of the opposition team.
Out on No Ball:
Generally, it is a rule that a batsman is not out on the no-ball. But the batsman can be out even on the no-ball in these ways;
Hitting the ball twice
Obstructing the field
The ICC match referee shall not be from those countries between them the one day match is going to be played.
No team has the right to object to the appointment of umpire and match referee.
During the match, no umpire shall be replaced, although this can be done in exceptional circumstances such as injury or illness.
If a batsman retires for any reason; the innings of that batsman may be resumed only with the consent of the opposing captain. If for any reason his innings is not resumed, that batsman is to be recorded as Retired – out.
No runs to be scored:
If the striker is dismissed/caught, runs from that delivery completed by the batsmen before the completion of the catch shall not be scored or counted as run.
Slow over rate:
At least 14.28 over should be thrown in the one day match every hour, otherwise, the captain of the fielding side shall be penalized for slow over-rate.
If any side wants to take review, then it has to make this decision within 15 seconds of the ball being thrown. To review, the player has to mark the ‘T’ with both hands and this mark has to be raised at least till the height of the head.
A total of 420 minutes is allotted for the whole match.
During the game, the water should not be poured on the pitch.
Field restriction was first introduced in 1980 in Australia. Till the year 1992, it was a rule that only two players are allowed to be outside 30-yard circle in the first fifteen overs. Then five fielders are allowed outside the circle for the remaining overs. And in the year 2005 fifteen over shorten to ten over that is called the power play.
According to recent ICC rules there are three levels of field restrictions they are-
- In the first 10 overs of an innings (that is the power play), the fielding team may have at most two fielders outside the 30-yard circle.
- Between 11 and 40 overs, four fielders will be allowed to field outside the 30-yard circle.
- In final 10 overs, five fielders will be allowed to field outside the 30-yard circle.
Maximum Over Bowled by a Bowler:-
Minimum five bowlers can bowl and one bowler can bowl maximum ten overs.
TEST MATCH RULES
Break time And Basic Rules:-
- Test cricket is played in whites jersey.
- It’s a 5-day Match.
- There are 3 sessions of 2 hours each.
- The break between 1st and 2nd session is of 40–45 Minutes and is called as the lunch session.
- The break between 2nd session and 3rd session is of 15–20 minutes and is called as the Tea session.
- At the end of the day’s play is called stumps.
- Umpire dislocate the bails when a session ends.
Win, Lose and Draw Rules:-
- If the team batting first scores some runs, then the team batting second trails their score. If they are successful in trailing then lead starts and if the team who had batted first will trail it first and then set the target. And if they are unsuccessful then it’s an innings defeat.
- If the team which is trailing gets out when the deficit is more than 200, then the opposition team has an option to let them bat again or bowl.
- If the team which was trailing and got out with a deficit of more than 200, bats again and gets out before making the required trail runs then also it’s an innings defeat.
- The match ends in Draw if there is no result through the entire test.
Some Other Important Rules:-
- Each day 90 overs will be bowled. If there is rain or something on any particular day and overs are lost, the very next day play will start half an hour earlier or time will be distributed among sessions and 98 overs will be required to be bowled on that day.
- After a period of 80 overs bowling team has an option to go for a New Ball.
- Basic Cricket Rules are there.
- Here 3rd Bouncer is called as No Ball.
- The ball going down the leg side without touching a Batsman will be called wide. And if its length is pretty far from the Batsman or touching the wide line. Otherwise, it would be a fair delivery.
- For off stump line its the same as in ODI.
- There’s no free hit.
- Nowadays Both Teams have 2 DRS referrals for each innings while bowling and batting.
- D/L method is absent here.
- There is a fine for slow over-rate that is if you don’t bowl the minimum required overs which were required to be bowled on that day.
- There is a penalty for misbehaviour and violation of code of conduct by a player.
T-20 CRICKET RULES
- Each bowler may bowl a maximum of only 1/5th of the total overs per innings. That is 20% of the total over. For a full, uninterrupted match, this is 4 overs.
- If a bowler throws a no-ball by overstepping the crease, it costs 1 run. And his next delivery is to give a “free-hit”. In this circumstance the batsman can only be dismissed through a runout, hitting the ball twice or obstructing the field.
- The following fielding restrictions apply they are——-
- No more than five fielders can be on the leg side at any time.
- During the first six overs, a maximum of two fielders can be outside the 30-yard circle. This is known as the powerplay.
- After the first six overs, a maximum of five fielders can be outside the fielding circle.
- If the fielding team does not start to bowl their 20th over within 75 minutes, the batting side is credited an extra six runs for every whole over bowled after the 75-minute mark; the umpire may add more time to this if they believe the batting team is wasting time.
Also some brief description is given below-
Five-run penalties –
In Twenty20 cricket, an umpire may award one of the team’s five bonus runs if he feels the opposition is needlessly wasting time. This is designed to maintain the flow and pace of a Twenty20 match.
75-minute time limits –
Bowling teams are forced to complete their 20 overs within 75 minutes. That is three minutes and 45 seconds per over). A bonus of six runs is given to the batting team if the bowling side has not begun its twentieth over before their 75 minutes is up. Once again, this rule aims to maintain the rhythm and pace of the Twenty20 game.
Bowling restrictions of Twenty20 –
Individual bowlers are only allowed to bowl for a total of four overs during a Twenty20 game. This obviously limits the damage that can be inflicted on the batting side by a single, in-form bowler.
The 90-second rule –
Once a wicket has fallen in a Twenty20 match, the following batsman must take up his position at the wicket or bowler’s end within 90 seconds. If they are unable to do so, they could potentially be disqualified from batting in the match.
Fielding restrictions of Twenty20 –
Twenty20 cricket rules only allow five fielders to stand on the leg side of the batsman at any one time. Similarly, only two fielders are allowed to stand outside of the inner circle in the first six overs of play. After that, the number increases to five, that is five fielders are allowed outside in the remaining 14 overs. These restrictions are designed to increase the flow of runs in a match.
Bowl-outs take place at the end of tied Twenty20 matches. So, five bowlers from each side are allowed to bowl twice at the wicket, with no batsman standing in its way. The team to topple the most wickets wins the game.
Source:- ( Australian sports camps )
Also,the below video explain some latest cricket rules-
In conclusion, all international matches are conducted under these rules according to the formats. However, there are some local rules for their domestic matches.
Yes, the rules are really necessary for conducting a cricket match smoothly.
It is good to obey cricket rules at the very beginning. So that they will not face any problems regarding rules in the future.
According to me yes there are some faults in cricket rules. For example the D/L method. Sometimes the D/L method does not fare for a team. And there are also some other rules sometimes which maybe not fair for the teams.