Home Fashion & Lifestyle Types of Fabrics-Ultimate Guide For You

Types of Fabrics-Ultimate Guide For You

Content of a fabric is the most considerable for producing a quality fabric. It’s played an important role in making attire. Every fabric does not use for all seasons. So in this blog, you’ll know about Fabrics.

Currently, you are thinking that do I really need to know the content of a fabric? It’s not relevant.

Nope, Your query is not fully considered. If you have a basic understanding of it, it will be appreciated by yourself.

So you will know:

1. What is Fabric
2. Fabrication Meaning
3. Difference between Fabric and Fibre
4. Types of Fabric
5. Spring-Summer Fabrics
6. Fall-Winter Fabrics
7. Conclusion
8. FAQ

1. What is Fabric

Fabric is the before stage of a finished garment. A dress is made out of it.

It comprises of two things which are fibre content and construction. Fibre content and construction make a finished fabric.

Now, it is construed by either “weft(right to left yarns) or warp(up to down yarns)”, so you can look at the “face and back” of the fabric. I understand, Sometimes is difficult to see a face in net fabric.

Fibre content like cotton, silk, wool, polyester with the construction types like woven, knit, none woven together make final fabric.

You’ll know in-depth in the types of fabric section.

Fabrics swatch samples

2. Fabrication Meaning

Fabrication in the textile or garment industry is equal. When unfinished raw materials going to a process it is called fabrication process.

So, fabrication meaning invent or create something new from raw materials.

Raw materials like yarn, fibre is going to a process which is a fabrication or invention process. After that fabric is created.

Many types of fabrication are there in different industries. Which are cutting, folding, machining, punching, shearing, stamping, welding and many more. Some new fabrication technology is also used in these days in several industries.

3. Difference between Fabric and Fibre

It is pretty simple to understand fabric and fibre. At first, you have to understand the fibre, therefore, you’ll understand the fabric automatically.

Fabric versus fibre infographic

So, let’s go-to each type of fabric for better wisdom.

4. Types of Fabrics

Woven

Woven made by 90° angle so you can see it’s easily loose. Sometimes after the construction, it’s become stiff, crinkly or plain.

You can take fabric and pull the yarns from the side if it is easily coming out then it is a woven fabric.

Type of woven fabric
Type of woven fabric

Woven also construed with weft and warp or together. Some popular woven fabrics are,

Buckram

It is lightweight mostly use for support cloth. Examples – collar, cuff, necklines.

Chiffon

Also this is made by silk fibres, polyester and it’s used to making women’s saree, evening dress.

Cheesecloth

So, it is also lightweight sheer fabric. It was used for wrapping meat or cheese but later on, it’s use for women’s and children dress.

Chintz

It has a medium weight. Used to make dresses, blouses, skirts, pyjamas, apron etc.

Casement

Again, it is also a medium weight cotton fabric and used for making table linen, curtains and many other things.

Cambric

This fabric is very stiff but it’s used to make dresses for women and children.

Crepe

It is very popular in these days. This fabric can be constructed by weft or warp or both. It has crinkled mostly use for sarees, shirts and children dress.

Corduroy

Corduroy fabric used to make jeans, pants, shirts.

Denim

Again a very famous in youngsters. Traditionally denim made from dyed yarns. It’s a cotton twill fabric,

But mostly warp denims are blue, green, brown, maroon in colour while the weft denim White in colour. Examples – jeans, sportswear made by denim.

Drill

This is a warp-faced twill fabric, it’s stiff. Pants, uniforms, knickers are made out of this fabric.

Flannel

So it is a woollen fabric used for suits, pants, infants clothes.

Georgette

This is a lightweight sheer fabric can be weft and warp finished. Mostly used for womenswear.

Khadi

Khadi is mainly one cotton fibre blends with two or more fibres to make khadi fabric. Used for making ethnic dresses in India.

Lawn

Lawn is a lightweight fabric, usually use for lining in a dress.

Taffeta

Taffeta is a smooth, transparent, crisp fabric. Mostly use for women’s wear.

Muslin

Muslin is lightweight but it is specifically used for draping.

Velvet

It Is a warp cut pile fabric. Velvet used for making women and children dresses, dress materials etc.

Velvet fabric
velvet

Organza

Organza has a stiff and crisp finish.

These are not only the woven fabric. There are many other fabrics also called woven fabric.

Leno, Aida cloth, Mousseline, Aertex, Tissue, Sheeting(used for bed covering), Poplin(medium weight), Mulmul( heavier than muslin), Kashmir silk, Gabardine(used for raincoats, sportswear), Madras Muslin net fabric, all are the famous woven fabrics.

KNIT

Knit fabric has loops, it’s stretchy. Basically, yarns locked each other so the fabric can be strong enough to make a garment.

But knit also have two typescut and sew” and “fully fashioned knit” with weft or warp construction.

Weft construction
Weft construction

KNITS

WEFT KNIT
Single knit– Jersey, Matte Jersey
Double knit– Rib, Bottom-weight, Pique, Interlock, Fine gauge etc.
WARP KNIT
Raschel knit– Net, Lace, Thermals
Tricot knit– Meshes, Power stretch knit
Crochet knit– Net, Lace
Milanese knit
One type of net
One type of net

Some warp knit garments are camisole, sleepwear, brassieres, tracksuits, caps, gloves, panties, innerwear etc.

Non-woven

Best example of a Non-woven fabric is felt. Non-woven fabric made by fibres bonding( chemical, thermal).

Fibres melt with chemicals or by heat. Non-woven is not a good use for durable clothes but it is heavily used by some industries like medical, agriculture, automotive.

Hides

Real leather and real fur(full fur is in the knit category) are the hides.

Leather

Examples – leather jacket, handbags, shoes, small goods, a lot of things made of hides.

Did you just say, Oh, it’s too much! I know fabric is a vast topic.

Don’t you want to know the most interesting part of the fabric?

Which is provided below.

5. Spring-Summer Fabrics

The name suggest spring-summer, which is colourful and bright. You can wear colourful abstract prints, bright printed dresses for sure but what about types of fabrics? Yes, your doubts will be clear here.

You can use woven top-weight, knit, light bottom-weight, or heavy bottom-weight.

Woven top weights like cotton, lawn fabric, poplin, eyelet, batiste fabric, or any lightweight fabric.

Knit like Jersey, Cotton, modal, tissue knits.

Jersey - one types of fabric
Jersey

You can also use light bottom weights like fleece, mesh for comfort and easiness. Or Heavy bottom-weights like denim, sweater knit, cotton duck.

So, these are some important spring-summer usable fabric all over the world by all luxury brands.

Check out luxury Famous House, you can use to buy from their sites and wear.

6. Fall-Winter Fabrics

In the Fall-winter season, we really need some heavier cloth so that cold could not weaken us.

For making winter dresses or purchase any dresses first you need to know the suitable fabric for winter.

You can use Top Weights like silk, georgette, crepe or can use double knit fabric. Also can use bottoms like denim, worsted wools( suiting), fleece, or,

Heavy bottom-weight like heavy sweater knit, heavy woollens.

So you can choose anything for winter. You can also use leather, fur, beaded, sequins fabric, worsteds for making dresses and you can make Different Clothing Style as well using those fabrics.

Conclusion:

At the end, I’m sure that you have enough information about types of fabrics. So, some tricks you should know before the ending,

Whenever you see any fabric remember the construction of that fabric and fibre by the above information. Firstly, it will be easier for you to find a new patterned fabric because fabrics can not be understood by watching pictures. Secondly, feel those fabrics; that will get you a better idea.

Frequently Asked Questions

1. What types of fabrics are waterproof?

Usually waterproof fabrics made by synthetic fabric laminated with waterproof materials like rubber, was, PVC, PU, silicone elastomer etc.

2. What types of fabrics are stretchy?

Knits, jersey, knit Jersey, spandex, spandex blend etc.

3. What types of fabrics are shrink?

Cotton and Flannel are mostly known as shrinking fabrics.

Inventory specialist • Blogger • Designer

Rasmi Mondal
Inventory specialist • Blogger • Designer
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