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Garment Industry – Ultimate Guide for you

Garment industry- What do you think about it? maybe you believe this industry only making clothes or fabrics. But,

Garment industry or apparel or clothing industry the first thing coming in my mind is making dresses.

One of the biggest industry in India and one of the oldest one also.

India has been started making clothes a long time ago. So in this blog, I’ll tell you about this industry as depth as possible.

Did you ever think about, how dresses are made?

What is the process behind making dresses?

How thousand of the same dresses are available in the marketplace.

Obviously, not a single designer nor a single person make thousand of dresses. There is a process behind everything and it is a part of the garment industry. So let’s move to the each category.

So You will know:

1. What is the Garment Industry
2. Working Process
3. Garment Manufacturing Industry
4. Garment Industry Vs Textile Industry
5. How to Get a Job in the Garment Industry
6. Garment industry in India
7. Statistics of the Garment Industry
8. Summary
9. FAQ

1. What is the Garment Industry

Definition of the Garment industry in simple word is making readymade dresses.

Now you might be thinking that what is readymade and what is designer dresses? So let you know that the garment industry has its own designers.

This industry comprising with the textile industry, fashion industry, fashion retailers and manufacturing industry.

After the garment industry make dresses it showing in the shopping mall

This industry is divided into some parts, You can say segments of this industry, like, womenswear, menswear – it has also divided by ethnic wear, business attire, fancy or knitwear, western wear, jeans, suits-shirts, lingerie, leather (most of the company chose to make dresses only one subpart)

Kids wearit is also divided by girls ethnic, cotton dresses, fancy, for boys suit-shirt, ethnic, western.

Two kids wearing garments or dress

So most of the time one company only make dresses for only one category.

Examples – Mostly, One manufacturer only makes one specific category of dresses. kids ethnic wear for girls, or only makes men’s business attire, or only leather jackets for men and so on.

Now moving on to the working process of this industry.

2. Working Process

This industry is a large industry so the process of the working is also a lot. You already realize that there are many companies making dresses in different categories. But the process is the same for all companies.

Mainly industry has 3 parts. Productions, sells and marketing.

But the process is long. Look below

Cut and sew garment manufacturing process infographic

There are some other work also done like

Pattern making


Sewing(can do inside the company or can hire maker, as per the company choice).

Finishing touch(detailed work on a dress if any).



After that, marketing department market the dress,

At last sells.

Except those, there are some additional important processes also involve like organizing & management, accounting, inventory, dying and some other.

So these are the most common process of all the companies. Excited to know more? Then moving to the next.

3. Garment Manufacturing Industry

The Garment Manufacturing Industry is a major part of this industry.

Manufacturing means a process of making any products for goods. So, garment manufacturing means making garments.

Garment workers are mainly involved in finish dresses.

Different fabrics

Fabrics come to the manufacturers form the fabric suppliers(either the textile sector or fabric wholesalers and retailers),

Then the company make dresses from those fabrics by following the above processes then a company called the garment manufacturer.

A manufacturer can be small or big. Manufacturers mostly cut in a lot means a set of dresses cut by the number of pieces as per the order.

4. Garment Industry Vs Textile Industry

Garment industry and textile industry is very similar in sound but they are like one body two-hand”.

Textile industry mainly producing fabric from yarn, where the garment industry making dresses from the fabric.

Garment industry collects all their raw materials(fabrics, liners, zipper, threads) from the textile industry, while the textile industry actually produces those materials.

Textile industry make fabric design(they have their own fabric style building process) and produce fabric lot with different measurement(by the yard, kg and meter).

Fabric manufacturing machine

Garment industry is not a part of this textile design building process, they buy Fabric from fabric supplier as per their choice.

Textile industry not only supplies fabric to the garment industry they also supply fabrics(knit, woven, and none woven) to the fashion industry and fashion retailers. Know more about fabrics construction.

Obviously, a question is definitely coming in your mind, how could I get in? Yes, you can choose a career in this industry. So, look here

5. How to Get a Job in the Garment Industry?

If you really want to work in the industry you don’t need extraordinary degrees because this industry always looking for skills than a degree.

The industry itself a massive trade industry so hardworking is a big factor for everyone. You really need to be a very hard working person to start with this industry, even in a small company.

The industry offers various job like admin, data entry, inventory work, management work, accounting, in the production department, packaging, marketers and sells person.

A graduate can apply to small or large manufacturing company for back-office work or admin, data entry, inventory, products measurement work etc.

Basic Computer knowledge also required for those jobs. Everything is digital now, somehow the garment industry still continue work with the traditional way.

Experience matter. As long as you work, your value will gain. One can get a higher salary in the base on the experience and skill. How long he or she is working in this industry and how much expert he or she is.

For Marketing and sells, required an experience of this field with a degree of required position(partially).

However, Skills are more important than the degree. If you have skills, you can get in this industry(age and degree, not highly recommend). This industry is all about skills and skills.

6. Garment Industry in India

I have already told that this is one of the big and oldest trading industry in India.

This industry exports its production by 25% and the rest of 75% is for domestic usage by volume.

This is the second-largest employment provider after agriculture.

This industry manufacturing raincoats, shawls, scarves, different types of men and women garments, inner garment, jackets(some example has been given above) etc.

Most of the Menswear manufacture by foreign countries where India is mostly producing womenswear.

East is known for best kids wear manufacturing where North is known for its womenswear manufacturing. You can also check here Different Types Of Clothing.

Top manufacturing states are Tamil Nadu, Maharashtra, Delhi, Gujarat, Punjab, West Bengal.

Fabrics in the garment manufacturing company

7. Statistics of the Garment Industry

Knitwear production of this industry is almost 33% and 20% production on woven by volume.

The industry not only made dresses but also a provider of buttons, zippers, metal zipper, embroidered, cardboard sheet etc.

Fibre wise almost 80% production made by cotton and almost 15% made by synthetic or mixed fabric and rest of made by silk and wool.

As per the report, this industry will be expected to become a trillion-dollar industry by 2024-2025 including textile industry. So this is the opportunity for a million people.

Manpower contributes the biggest role as they working in different parts of the process of manufacturing.

However, machine-made fabrics and other materials to finish apparel can produce by machine, but the machine operates by men and women.

Some of the most important government and private projects are also ongoing.

Government projects

Bhadrak Textile park in Odisha, it’s subsector Apparels and Garments.

Development of Garment park at Bhatauli, Jabalpur in Madhya Pradesh. It’s subsector Apparel and Garments.

Floatel Project at Daman and Diu. It’s sub-sectors Yarns and Fabrics.

Private project

Yeola Silk Fabrics Project in Maharashtra. It’s sub-sector Yarns and Fabrics.

So those are the most valuable information about the garment industry, hope you get sufficient information.


Everyone thinks that our dresses made by designers but there are only a few aware of this industry work. Designers just make an outlook of a dress,

After that above processes are going on, then a dress is going to a shop, after that, you buy dresses(same processes are going on before a dress appear on online).

Where any other industries, the unemployment rate is high but here it’s almost 7% including textiles and apparel industry, which is lower than the other industries.

If a person could able to work on a team and he or she is honest, active, hard-working and have the skill of understanding, adopting fast then that person will get extreme level of success in this industry.

I’ve been working in this industry for almost 5 years. so, in my experience trust and skills, both are the most essential things. I have known some person who been working in this industry for 30-35 years and some of more than 35 years. Once a person started working after that no one wants to leave (exception is always there).

So you can choose as a career in this industry. It has less stress, most of the time don’t need to carry work on home(if you have talent).

Frequently Asked Question

1. What can the garment industry do about pollution?

We know that fast fashion create 10% of humanity’s carbon emissions which dries up water resources. Which is the second largest pollution estimated worldwide. Polyester, synthetic creates more pollution than cotton. So most of the fashion house made a collaboration to make more sustainable cloth so it may damage less. But it’s not about the industry only, according to the report after the 2000s people buy clothes 60% more. So if the people are aware, it will make less pollution as well.

Inventory specialist • Blogger • Designer

Rasmi Mondal
Inventory specialist • Blogger • Designer

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