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Learn Future Tense In 15 Min

Definition of Future Tense

Future Tense expresses an action that has not yet happened or a state that does not exist but is expected to take place after some time from now. For example.

The patient will have died before the doctor reaches here.

Things you can learn from this article

  1. Future Indefinite Tense
  2. Future Continuous Tense
  3. Future Perfect Tense
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense
  5. When and how you should use the Modals
  6. Exercise of Future Tense

Types of Future Tense

This Tense can be classified into following four Tenses:

Types  of  Future Tense
  1. Future Indefinite Tense (Simple Future).
  2. Future Continuous Tense (Future Progressive).
  3. Future Perfect Tense.
  4. Future Perfect Continuous Tense.

Future Indefinite Tense

simple future tense

Future Indefinite Tense expresses an action that is expected to be finished in the near future.

Structure: Note: The structure of sentences with singular/plural subject remains the same in Future Indefinite Tense.

For Singular: Sub + will + V1 + obj. (Affirmative).

For Plural: Sub + will + V1 + obj. (Affirmative). For Example.

  1. She will call you.
  2. They will call you.
  3. I will submit the project.

Sub + will not + V1 + Obj. (Negative). For Example.

She will not call you.

Will + Sub + V1 + Obj + ‘?’ (Interrogative). For Example.

Will she call you?

Will + Sub + V1 + Obj + ‘?’ (Interrogative – Negative) For Example.

Will she not call you?

Note: Nowadays, only ‘will’ is used as a helping verb in future Tense because the usage of ‘Shall’ has gone out of style in modern English. Though ‘Shall is still used sometimes.

Uses of Future Indefinite Tense:

Use two or more future tense if there is no condition attached to it. For Example.

  1. I will call your father, will tell him about your mischief, will get you scolded, and will drop you back home.

To show conditional actions that have adverb clause, Present Indefinite Tense along with ‘unless, until, when, if’ For Example.

  1. Unless she works hard, she will not pass.
  2. If you run fast, you will win the race.

Future Continuous Tense

Continuous-Tense

Future continuous Tense used to express an action that will be in progression in Future and An action that will be in continuation in future.

Structure

The structure of sentences with singular/Plural subject remains the same in future continuous Tense. For Singular: Sub + will be + V1 ing + Obj. (Affirmative)

For Plural: Sub + will be + V1 ing + Obj. (Affirmative) For Example.

She will be cooking food at this time tomorrow.

When I meet him, he will be driving back home.

She will be baking a cake on my birthday.

Sub + will not be + v1 ing + Obj. (Negative) For Example.

She will not be cooking food at this time tomorrow.

Will + Sub + be + V1 ing + ‘?’ (Interrogative). For Example.

Will she be cooking food at this time tomorrow?

Will + Sub + not + be + V1 ing + Obj + ‘?’ (Interrogative – Negative). For Example.

Will she not be cooking food at this time tomorrow?

Future Perfect Tense

Perfect-Tense

The Future Perfect Tense expresses those actions that will certainly be finished at a point in future. For Example.

The ship will have reached Australia by next week.

I will have submitted my project till / by Monday.

Structure

Sub + will have + V3 + Obj (Affirmative) For Example.

She will have submitted her project by Monday.

Sub + will not have + V3 + Obj (Negative) For Example.

She will not have submitted her project by Monday.

Will + Sub + have V3 + Obj + ‘?’ (Interrogative) For Example.

Will she have submitted her project by Monday?

Will + Sub + not + have + V3 + Obj + ‘?’ (Interrogative – Negative) For Example.

Will she not have submitted her project by Monday?

Note: In future perfect Tense, when an action is expected to be completed in the near future, till/by are used before the adverb of the future. For Example.

“by tomorrow, till next week, by Monday”

Uses of Future Perfect Tense

To show an action in which ‘when’ or ‘before’ is followed by present Tense. For Example.

  1. I will have completed this task before she comes.
  2. He will have reached school before the bell rings.

Future Perfect Continuous Tense

Continuous-Tense

The Future Perfect Continuous Tense is used to express an action that continues up to some point of time in the future or a task started in the past, still in continuation, and will be continued. For Example.

I will have been completing three months in this organization when our batch ends

Structure:

Sub + will have been + V1 ing + Obj. + Since/for + Time being (Affirmative) For Example.

She will have been washing clothes for 3 hours.

Sub + will not have been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + Time being (Negative). For Example.

Will not have been washing clothes for 3 hrs.

Will + Sub + have been + V1 ing + Obj + Since/for + time being + ‘?’ (Interrogative). For Example.

Will she have been washing clothes for 3 hours?

Will + Sub + not + have been + V1 ing + Obj + since/for + time being + ‘?’ (Interrogative – Negative) For Example.

Will she not have been washing clothes for 3 hrs?

Note: Future perfect progressive denotes continuous action while future perfect denotes completed action. For Example.

By the end of this month, I will have been traveling for 6 months (Continuous action).

By the end of this month, I will have traveled for 6 months (Completed Action).

Some more things can be used for expressing the future

Be going to:

It is used when the speaker is making a prediction based on evidence. There is a cloud in the sky. For Example.

  1. It is going to rain.

When the speaker already has an intention or plan. For Example.

  1. We are going to enjoy the party tomorrow.

About to:

It is used to talk about impending event. For Example.

  1. He is about to make a change in the schedule.

When and how you should use the Modals

Will

Will is used to talk about the future. For Example.

  1. Ravi will call you tomorrow.

Will is used to make a request. For Example.

  1. Will you give me your phone?

We use I will when we decide to do something at the time of speaking

Oh, I have left the door open. I will go and shut it.

I will have an orange juice, please.

Shall

You can use shall instead of ‘will’ when the subject is the first person (‘I’ and ‘we’). For Example. I Shall go to school tomorrow.

You should use shall mostly in the questions, shall I ……? / shall we ….?

Shall I open the window?

‘Shall we go?’

Where shall we go this evening?

Would

You should use Would to refer to a future time. For Example.

I would love to see you tomorrow.

You can use ‘Would’ to denote choice. For Example.

I would prefer tea to coffee.

You can use ‘Would’ to make a ‘request’ For Example.

Would you please lend me 10 rupees?

you can use ‘Would’ to express a ‘Wish’. For Example.

I wish I would succeed in my life.

You came also ‘Would’ to express an ‘Opinion’. For Example.

I think he would pass the test.

Should

‘Should’ is used to denote duty. For Example.

You should respect your teachers.

‘Should’ is also used to express a piece of advice. For Example.

You should work hard to pass the exam.

Might

‘Might’ Can be used to denote possibility. For Example.

He might have reached there by now.

‘Might’ also denotes ‘suggestion’. For Example.

You might try a little more salt in the curry next time

Exercise of Future Tense

Correct the following sentences.

  1. They will be playing cricket for 2 hours.
  2. Let I play table.
  3. We should obeyed our elders.
  4. She will be gone to market at this time.
  5. The patient will be die before the doctor reaches here.
  6. I shall be living in Alwar for 8 years by the year 2012.
  7. He will waiting for you.
  8. Let the students played.
  9. He must be coming by Rajdhani Express.
  10. He should be completed his work by next Monday.

Answer of the given Exercise

  1. They will have been playing cricket for 2 hours.
  2. Let me play table.
  3. We should obey our elders.
  4. She will be going to market at this time.
  5. The patient will have died before the doctor reaches here.
  6. I shall have been living in Alwar for 8 years by the year 2012.
  7. He will be waiting for you.
  8. Let the students play.
  9. He must be coming by Rajdhani Express.
  10. He will have completed his work by next Monday.

If you want to learn more about Future Tense then you can watch the video given below:

Many images used in this blog are from https://www.kidsworldfun.com/

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