As you set up the Hydroponics system, Problems in Hydroponics is common take care, or keeping the garden clean and healthy is important. To make your plants healthy you must understand the problem faced by the system in different weather conditions.
Weather is not only a problem in hydroponics, but the pest is also a major problem for plants. In this blog, I tell you the steps to prevent these problems.
To maintain the hydroponics system, there are some regular checks you need to do on a daily basis. Most of the diseases are born in water, so you need to regularly check the quality of water. To maintain it clean is important.
Dirty water can cause a number of problems in hydroponics system. Cleaning water or regularly replacing the water is also important in the hydroponics system.
The disease can be controlled by controlling the humidity in the greenhouse or indoor system. Most of the pests are born in a humid area like you see a number of insects you see in rainy weather because of the increase in humidity.
Controlling the humidity is also an important factor in the hydroponics system or in the greenhouse. The right % of the humidity in the system is 70%. More than 70% of humidity can help in the birth of insects and less humidity can cause dryness in plants.
Leakage in the system can also cause problems in hydroponics. Leakage can cause the home of algae. As soon as algae grow in wet spots, it can attract insects like fungus. Clean the floor daily and make it dry so these can prevent from the issues.
Check the right light for your indoor hydroponics system
The First line of Defense
The first rule to keeping the garden healthy and clean is to keep it pest free. The simple way is to keep the system clean and free from the debris. The indoor system is not much affected by the weather condition but the outer hydroponics system needs to face a number of problems due to weather change. Rain, wind, and insects can harm the plants and give a bad effect on the system.
Pest is not only the problem in the outer hydroponics system but birds and small animals are also problems for the system. A period of rain can infect the plants due to the increase in humidity. If you live in a geographic area where such weather conditions frequently change then, a greenhouse with climate-controlled systems is the best way.
An indoor garden can also get affected by the pest. The chances of getting affected by the pest are less in the indoor garden but pests find their ways into the indoor garden on the soles of muddy feet and fur of the family pet.
Most of the plants have their self-defense against disease and pests. But due to underfeeding or excessive humidity can contribute to reducing the vigor of the plant. And due to these diseases and infection can damage your plant.
Some solutions can help prevent transferring disease-causing pathogens. Cleaning with a 10% bleach solution is the best solution for preventing diseases. Sometimes plants are placed too close to each other. That time moisture from transpiration can build and cause fungi to grow fungi.
Fungi, Algae, and Disease
fungus and slime are mainly grown in the warm, damp condition in an indoor hydroponics garden. Excessive moisture in the air on the leaves or inside the growing medium can built-in grow fungi and mold outbreaks.
When there is moisture on the surprise of the leaves then there are chances of growth of fungus and other infectious diseases. Nothing better works then the constant airflow in the system to avoid germination of these types of diseases.
Dead leaves, spilled water and nutrients, dust is the main source of the growing fungus. To prevent the fungus, first Discard dead leaves from the garden. You should Wipe up spills and dirt right away.
You need to maintain the humidity level for healthy indoor plant growth. Most of the fungus can not survive in the low humidity. You can use the dehumidifier in the room to maintain the ideal level of humidity in the room.
There are some point you need to take care to prevent Fungi, Algae, and Disease
- Maintain low humidity between 50-80%
- Keep the air in the garden moving to make proper ventilation.
- Remove all the dead and dying organic matter from the garden.
- Never over water the plants
Some additional measures you can take to prevent the fungi. The use of sulfur and copper powder can prevent fungi. Before using the powder read the instructions because it can damage the new growing plants.
Stagnant water can help in the growth of Algae. Excessive surface moisture and light are a source of algae growth.
Pests also damage your plants, especially when your plant is inside. The first rule you never forgot is to ignore warnings. If you see some problem in the plant, never ignore it, check the plant and find out the problem.
Pests can cause damage to your leaves, while will affect your plant growth. Whitefly and spider mites can cause major damage to plants and they get out of control rapidly. Once the whitefly larvae molt and gain wings, it will immediately spread the infection by laying eggs.
Whitefly can suck plant juices in both their nymph and adult stages. To prevent the whitefly you can release parasitic wasps in your greenhouse in large amounts. Neem oil sprays are also a good solution against Whitefly.
Spider Mites are also affecting the plant, they suck juices from the stems. Yellow speckles on leaf tops are the first sign you will find of spider mites. Spider Mites found in the dry places, so you need to maintain the ideal humidity level in the garden. Pyrethrin is a substance naturally occurring in chrysanthemums.
It helps in stopping bugs and stops spider mites from feeding at all stages. Spider Mites spread from one plant to another, if you found any plant isolate it as soon as possible.
Other methods you can use to trap the pests are the sticking pads. Which attracts the pests and they stick on it. Yellow and blue cardboard strips and a large jar of vaseline or petroleum jelly can be used.
Disease control is important to avoid spreading disease in the system. The first thing you need to do is sanitation practice including removing any primary debris and damaged fruits. To control any disease good hygiene of keeping the area clean will reduce the chances of spread disease.
Early detection and identification of any disease is the key successful control of these ailments. Whenever there is any problem in the plant then these are a sign of them. We need to identify that sign and find out the problem.
There are a number of websites on the internet where you can easily find out the color pictures of pests and disease, which can help you find problems.
If there is some issue in the plant then you can use approved chemical sprays. Seek the use of natural pesticides.
There are a number of diseases on earth which can affect your garden so you can take the help of the internet to check the right problem and provide the right solution.
If you have a hydroponics garden in your home or on the commercial level then you must know the problem and disease can affect your system. Taking the right step at the right time can help to avoid damage to your gardens. There are some basic steps you can take to avoid all bugs and insects to kill your plants.
Learn about Hydroponics as Business From beginning to end
Stick traps are good ways to attract pests and bugs and trap them. You can use stick traps of blue and yellow color sticks to trap the pests. After you see some bugs on the stick you can easily identify then and get the best solution for your plants.
Sprays is also the solution for the Bugs, you can use the spray according to the bugs and I recommend you use bio sprays. Even you can use the home to make sprays of various household items like garlic, etc.
To fight against the disease in the indoor hydroponics system. You can take a few measures like wear clean clothes, whenever you enter your garden you can easily take some bugs or any other infection with you and that can damage your whole garden.
The second is to maintain good hygiene in the area. If you see any water or leakage in the system repair it as soon as possible. Cleaning the deed leaves and other matters from the system can give a bad effect on plants.
Yes, good Hydroponics Nutrients can help plants to fight against the disease. Just like humans have its disease-fighting system inside the body, the same like plants have. If your plant is healthy and has the power to fight against the disease then without any other method the plant itself heals and fights against that disease.
Maintaining the proper PH levels and Nutrients in the system can help the plant to fight and using the right growing medium is also important in hydroponics.
I am Electronics Engineer and working on Startup on Hydroponics. I am doing trials and working on the Hydroponics system last 2 years. Hydroponics is the future of Agriculture. if anyone want to learn about Hydroponics can ask me.