Hello friends till now we have developed a basic knowledge about what is android development and Scope of it. Now we are going to learn about the tools we require for building up the apps.
What’s in it for me?
- Why we need tools?
- Android Studio
- Comparison Between Flutter and Android Studio
Why we need tools?
We need tools for setting up the app i.e. designing layouts, back-end work, connecting with the database, and much more.
With the specially designed tools it is a little bit easy to make our work easy. And with the help of these tools our app efficiency is also increased.
Android has his work identified previously by the Android platform. We need to just work out a little bit to see which tool is applicable where.
So If you want to learn what is android development you can refer – Android
Android Studio is one of the oldest and structured systems for building up the apps which also acts as the official IDE( Integrated Development Environment) of Android, which was built on the IntelliJ software. It works on all the available platforms like Windows, Mac, Linux.It was developed and officially announced in 2013 during Google I/O conference.
In starting it has issues with it, but which was corrected by the end of the year. And In the year 2019, the newly built language Kotlin replaced java as a preferred language by Google, But java is still supported.
Download resources- Android studio
It has some cool feature associated with the Studio which is described as under-:
- It has support for all kinds of apps like wear, TV, mobile, and all other platforms in which the android operating system is situated.
- Gradle-build support
- It has built-in support for Google Cloud Platform with integration with Firebase Cloud Messaging and Google App Engine.
- Has the support of Android Virtual Device (Emulator) to run apps in Android Studio.
- Has a good templates collections for designing of the layout.
- It has tools for quick fixing of the apps.
- Android Studio contains vector graphics enabled features which make able to work with vector graphics which leads to better graphics and make the user interface free from pixel distortion and even have the flutter plugin which makes the assembly of two platform android and IOS with a single code by using dart programing language developed by Google.
The Android Software Development Kit(SDK) includes many comprehensive tools for setting up the development of the studio. It includes an emulator based on debugger, libraries, documentation, sample code, and tutorials.
Enhancements to Android’s SDK go hand-in-hand with overall Android platform development. T
he SDK supports older versions for the Android platform in case developers wish to target their application for older versions in older devices. All the versions can easily be downloaded from the Android Studio site.
It is one of the important tools which has been made for compiling the programs which are written in C/C++ language. It uses the many compilers to compile C/C++.
In this some native libraries can be called from the Java Code we write using System. load library, part of the Android class. Command-Line Tools are compiled with the help of NDK and can be installed using ADB.
Android uses various libraries of C and C++ for using it further. The NDK also includes a variety of other APIs which include audio, and various Android-specific APIs for accessing cameras or accelerating neural networks.
Android Studio supports running either of those from Gradle. Many third-party tools allow integration of NDK into Eclipse and Visual Studio.
Now some would be thinking where I will be running apps directly on the mobile phone without testing, But there is a solution to it Android has an Emulator which works as a Virtual Phone which has almost the same features as your phone, but it will be a dummy.
This reduces our headache of testing the app and correcting it.
Here You describe the hardware and software configuration details for the emulator and which stimulate by providing an AVD configuration and further app can be run easily.
Flutter is a newly developed platform which is used for making apps. It is an Open-Source UI software. It has one of the advantages over Android Studio which is that the application made on this platform can run on any type of software whether it is android, Mac, Web, or other ones.
At the starting of it there was a setup of making only Android apps and its first version which was unveiled at the 2015 Dart developer summit was known as codename “SKY”.
After unveiling the platform Google released many versions of it for fixing up the bugs and correcting up the issues with it. And the first stable version which was out was in December 2018 during the Flutter Live Event.
In 2019 end flutter released 1.12 version during its Interactive Event.
Now there are some major components of flutter which are as under-:
- Dart Platform
- Flutter Engine
- Foundation Library
Now, I will be discussing this all points one by one to help you understand the concepts briefly-:
The apps which are associated with flutter are written in Dart Language and it also uses some other languages for advanced features.
On all software with the help of the Flutter Desktop Embedding Project, flutter runs in DVM( Dart Virtual Machine). In Flutter there is allowing of Hot Reload when we write or debug apps with which modifications to source files are injected into a running application.
Its engine is written primarily in C++ which provides low-level support using Google library named Skia. And on its addition, it interfaces with platform-specific SDKs such as Android OR IOS. It has a portable runtime for hosting applications.
It implements core libraries, animations, graphics, plugin architecture, accessibility, and much more with it. We as developers use various frameworks that provide the modernization of apps like the introduction of layout, widgets, and much more.
This library provides the basic functionalities of the Flutter interface.
These are the most interesting part of the platform which helps to generate the UI experience. There are many Widgets available on the platform like Styler which used to change the style of the text and color for changing the color of the text and much more.
There are also some design-specific widgets which are material-design and Cupertino.
Flutter resources- flutter
Comparison Between Flutter and Android Studio
|1. Oldest tool for the development of android apps.||1. The latest tool for the development of android apps.|
|2. The language which is used is java and Kotlin||2. The language which is used is Dart|
|3. It is fully deployed in the market||3. It is in the developing stage.|
|4. It only works for android platform||4. It can be used in almost every platform android, ios, web, etc.|
|5. Have a Limited number of widgets available||5. variety of widgets available.|
|6. Its coding and debugging is hard||6. Its coding and debugging are easy.|
Now after demonstrating the various tools which are used for android development, I left this choice on how to use android tools and which one to use. I will suggest that you try every tool and then choose which you like the most.
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Android studio- It is available on android developer site and can be downloaded easily from there on, And there we can also learn how to use it thereon or if you have taken any tutorial then the tutor must have taught about it as all the apps will be made there only.
Flutter- You can go to its site and download it after reading the instructions.
And there is Docs section which will help to learn about it.
One cannot suggest where to start as everyone have another purpose for learning it.
I will give you an example here-
If you want to launch your application on the Android platform and your need is for Android user base only, then you can go for Android Studio. As the application made by this for Android is much better than flutter.
And if you want to launch your app on all software like Mac, Android, Web then you should go for a flutter.
I have started with Android studio first as I want to dive deep into android.
In the last, I would like to say that you do the research about the tools and learn how to use them.
And start discovering apps.