Home Education Subjects of Civil Engineering- Important Subjects to Learn

Subjects of Civil Engineering- Important Subjects to Learn


At this time, Civil engineering is one of the top branches in the world. Whereas, unlimited subjects of civil engineering & their books are available on the market with different topics of civil engineering.

So, The students can learn 50+ subjects in the university exams. The following are the main subjects of civil engineering.

List of Civil Engineering Subjects

  1. Surveying
  2. Geotechnical Engineering
  3. Structural Engineering
  4. Transportation Engineering
  5. Environmental Engineering
  6. Irrigation Engineering
  7. Building Materials
  8. Strength of Materials
  9. Fluid Mechanics
  10. Geology
  11. Concrete Technology
  12. Structural Analysis
  13. Conclusion
  14. FAQs


Firstly, Surveying is the first step of beginning a new civil engineering project, and it is a very essential department of civil engineering. Therefore, To recognize the methods of surveying a student need to cautiously find out about the fundamentals of it.

To start studying surveying with the definition of surveying and its importance. In fact, surveying is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

Surveying additionally consists of the method of organizing factors by means of predetermined angular and linear measurements. So, The plans, sections, and maps organized by way of surveying.

Similarly, The location and quantity of a specific plot of land can be calculated. A map represents the horizontal projection of the place surveyed and no longer the real area. But the vertical distance can be represented extra efficiently by means of drawing sections.

Geotechnical Engineering

Particularly, from a scientific view, Geotechnical engineering mostly includes defining the soil’s deformation properties and strength. Clay, rock, snow, silt, and sand are essential substances in geotechnics.

Geotechnical engineering consists of expert fields such as rock and soil mechanics, hydrogeology,  geophysics, and related disciplines such as geology. However, Geotechnical engineering and engineering geology are a department of civil engineering.

The specialization includes the concepts as well as techniques of engineering. These are used to gather and also interpret the physical properties of the ground for use in construction and building.

The concept of geotechnics is presently used to describe each realistic and theoretical software of the discipline. So, Geotechnical is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

Structural Engineering

It is a subject of engineering dealing with the design and analysis of structures that resist rather support loads. structural engineering is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

particularly, The structural engineering concept is based totally upon physical, legal guidelines, and empirical information. Based on the structural overall performance of unique geometries and substances.

Structural engineering design makes use of a variety of easy structural factors to construct complicated structural systems.

Structural engineering depends upon specific information of utilized mechanics, applied arithmetic, and substance science to predict and recognize how structures resist and support imposed loads and self-weight.

To observe the information correctly Structural engineering typically requires specified information of applicable empirical and theoretical design codes, the methods of structural analysis, as properly as some information of the corrosion resistance of the structures and materials,

particularly when these structures are uncovered to the exterior environment. Since the 1991s, the professional software program has come to be accessible to resource in the design of structures, with the performance to assist in the drawing, examining and designing of structures with most precision.

For examples consist of StaadPro, AutoCAD, ETABS, Revit Structure, etc. Such a software program can also take into consideration environmental loads, such as earthquakes and winds.

Transportation Engineering

Firstly, Civil engineering is one of the predominant branches of engineering and, as its title implies, is associated with engineering for civilian applications. 

Civil engineering improves high-quality of lifestyles through the provision of infrastructure such as Dams and levees, Water cure and waste disposal plants, Buildings, bridges, and different structures, Highways

Transportation engineering is a department of civil engineering that is concerned with the planning, design, operation, and preservation of secure and environment-friendly transportation systems. So, These structures consist of roadways, railways, waterways, and intermodal operations.

Typically, the demand is the number of visitors (people, cars, railcars, barges) that is predicted to use a specific transportation facility, while the supply is the volume and kind of infrastructure factors (roadways, bridges, pavements, etc.). These structures are generally massive and expensive.

Particularly, There are a variety of attributes of transportation engineering that have an effect on the kinds of statistical concepts that are used in the profession.

One essential element of transportation engineering is that the transportation engineer is not only involved in the infrastructure (e.g., bridges, rails, etc.) and the individual units (cars, trucks, railcars) that use the infrastructure, however also the user.

Often it is essential to recognize the interplay of all three of these entities—infrastructure, individual units, and also user—to recognize the system as a whole.

Environmental Engineering

It is the branch of civil engineering that is involved with defending humans from the outcomes of negative environmental effects, such as pollution, as well as enhancing environmental quality.

Environmental engineers work to enhance waste disposal, recycling, water, and also air pollution control and public health.

Firstly, The exercise of environmental engineering dates returned to the dawn of civilization. Ever on account that agencies of humans started out residing in semi-permanent settlements, So they have had to deal with the challenges of supplying easy water and also disposing of strong waste and sewage.

With the increase of cities and the introduction of large-scale farming and manufacturing, humans have also had to fear about air quality and soil infection. However, Environmental studies are one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

Irrigation Engineering

Firstly, Irrigation engineering is a type of civil engineering which consists of the learn about controlling and harnessing the variety of natural sources of water.

Particularly, It researches irrigation and agriculture in-depth. Flooding is the foundation of agriculture and also the only way by means of which water is provided to the crops.

in addition, Irrigation engineering is a subject of engineering which would talk about the makes use of irrigation in crop manufacturing and how new ideas and technologies can be used and utilized for irrigational practices.

It is necessary to find out about irrigation engineering as it helps in identifying future irrigation expectations and also the effects of irrigation in the agriculture field.

There are unique types of irrigation techniques, and also Irrigation engineering consists of the study of the layout of unique irrigation structures and analyzes the effectivity of each of the devices and listing their benefits and disadvantages.

particularly, Irrigation engineering is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

People analyzing irrigation engineering will additionally reflect on consideration on the unique cases to recognize when irrigation is essential and when it is most important.

Building Materials

Any material which is used for construction purposes called as building materials. Naturally, occurring materials such as wood, clay, sand, rocks, and even twigs and leaves, have been used for construction works.

Therefore, Natural materials are some more and some less synthetic. The manufacturing of building materials is an established industry in many international locations and the use of these materials is typically divided into the category, such as plumbing, roofing work, carpentry, and insulation. So, They provide the make a structure including homes.

Strength of Materials

measurement in engineering of the potential of metal, wood, concrete, and different substances to face up to stress and strain.

Stress is the inner pressure exerted through one phase of an elastic body upon the adjoining part, and stress is the deformation or change in dimension occasioned by way of stress. Building Materials is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

When a body is subjected to pull, it is stated to be underneath tension, or tensional stress, and when it is being pushed, i.e., is helping a weight, it is underneath compression or compressive stress.

Shear, or shearing stress, outcomes when pressure tends to make the phase of the body or one aspect of an airplane slide previous to the other.

Torsion, or torsional stress, happens when exterior forces have a tendency to twist a body around an axis. Materials are viewed to be elastic in relation to utilized stress if the stress disappears after the pressure is removed.

The elastic restriction is the most stress a fabric can preserve and nonetheless return to its authentic form. Accordingly to Hooke’s law, the stress created in an elastic fabric is proportional to strain, inside the elastic restrict.

Fluid Mechanics

Firstly, Fluid mechanics refers to a huge engineering subject that researches the integral behavior of fluids, elements recognized to statically deform below-utilized shear stresses. Within this field, a variety of sub-disciplines have developed.

Water sources and hydraulic engineering offers in particular with a float through pipe networks, channels, and different structures that manage the quantity, satisfactory and distribution of water; aerodynamics includes the flow of air around aircraft and fuel dynamics focuses on fluids with large editions in density, such as high-speed fuel flowing even though a nozzle or the flow of chemically reactive gases. Fluid Mechanics is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.


Geology is the learn about the earth, the substances of which it is made, the shape of these substances, and the outcomes of the natural forces performing upon them and is necessary to civil engineering because all work carried out by means of civil engineers includes earth and its features.

fundamental appreciation of geology is so essential that it is a requirement in university-level civil engineering programs. Geology is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

For a civil engineering undertaking to be successful, Also the engineers have to recognize the land upon which the assignment rests.

Firstly, geologists learn about the land to decide whether or not it is steady adequate to guide the proposed project. They also learn about water patterns to decide if a precise site is susceptible to flooding.

specifically, Some civil engineers use geologists to look at rocks for necessary metals, oil, natural gas, and groundwater.

Concrete Technology

Firstly, the Concrete is a composite with properties that alternate with time. During service, the high-quality of concrete supplied via preliminary curing can be expanded through subsequent wetting as in the instances of foundations or water retaining structures.

However, concrete can additionally deteriorate with time due to physical and chemical attacks. Structures are frequently eliminated when they turn out to be hazardous or uneconomical.

So, the lack of strength has ended up the main challenge in construction for the previous 20 to 30 years. Concrete Technology is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.

In some developed countries, it is not exclusive to discover a massive quantity of resources, such as 30 to 50% of the complete infrastructure budget, utilized to restore and protection of present structures.

As a result, many authorities and non-public builders are searching into lifecycle expenses instead of the first price of construction. The durability of concrete relies upon many elements inclusive of its physical and also chemical properties, the carrier environment, and design life. Such as, durability is not a crucial property.

Structural Analysis

These subject has existed since people first began to construct their personal houses. The engineer’s design, and also examine shape to make sure that they are environment friendly and stable.

Structural evaluation is a complete determination to assure that the deformations due to load in a structure will be great and decrease than the permissible limits, and failure of shape will never occur. So, Structural Analysis is one of the important subjects of civil engineering.


There are more than 50 subjects in Civil Engineering. Finally, In this blog, you have learned about 12 important topics. The second largest industry after agriculture is civil engineering. Additionally, there are many sub-branches of civil engineering, and there are many subjects.

Also Read :


1. How many subjects are there in civil?

There are 50+ subjects in the university exams for 4 years (8 semesters) full-time course. Each semester contains 5 to 8 subjects.

2. Can I do civil engineering without mathematics?

You can’t do civil engineering without mathematics. You have to need at least some knowledge about mathematics and physics.

3. What are the requirements of structural design?

Structural design requires the strength, stability, and serviceability.



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