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The Curious Case Of Plastic Free India 2020

15 August 2019 In Occasion of Independence day our Prime Minister Modi made an urge to people of India to start a revolution against plastic, So our plastic pollution will decrease.

And after that From 2 October 2019 which is 150 the birth anniversary of Mahatma Gandhi. and at the same time, we sow the dream of Plastic Free India.

Firstly In the 14 UN Convention Conference, PM Modi again made urges globally to say goodbye to single-use plastic. Above All It is possible to make plastic-free India or single-use plastic-free?

Secondly, hear the most important thing is accepting the fact that single-use plastic because it is harming our nature and then humanity. To clarify if we don’t accept its not going serious subject to our nation so we need to appreciate this decision to make India plastic-free.

What’s In It For Me?

  1. The Problem of waste plastics
  2. Sources of Plastic Waste
  3. Integrated Waste Management (IWM)
  4. Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSW)
  5. Solution To Reduce Plastic Pollution
  6. Conclusion
  7. FAQs
Swachh Bharat Abhiyan

The Problem of Waste Plastics

Weast plastic is a cause problem to human health and also nature and additionally of plastic litter, it is spread in our area cause irreparable damage to our nature.

In fact, plastic waste creat problem for the natural gas process of surface and if it stuck in municipality sewer lines and the sewage treatment plants. And as a result, it causes the flooding situation. After that their Interference with various agricultural activities.

As a result, it prevents the natural groundwater, and that’s why we get bad quality water and food. Meanwhile, the municipalities regularly receive reports of deaths of cows and other animals from eating plastic bags. after that it’s going to come your eating plate

Plastic Waste

Sources of Plastic Waste

Clearly Plastic Waste represents a maximum portion of municipal waste, but large amounts of plastic waste in the same vein plastic is developing as a by-product or faulty product in industry and agriculture of all plastic waste.

Above all this amount equals 78% of thermoplastics and the rest of the thermosets.

Household Waste

It includes Food utensils, packaging foam, disposable cups, plates, knives, CDs, cassette boxes Refrigerator liners, vending cups, electronic equipment cases, and also drainage pipes.

In addition Cock drink bottles, plumbing and gutters pipes, flooring, Pillow foam Thermal insulation foam, surface coatings these come into household Waste

Municipal Waste

It includes waste in temporary tarpaulins, feed bags, fertilizer bags, straw, silage, Wires and also cables

Automobile Waste

Municipality collects plastic waste specifically parts of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene terephthalate, including ABS

Industrial Plastic Waste

Clearly it creates from the large plastic manufacturing, processing, and packaging industry, Simultaneously we need to collect and segregate these.

Construction And Demolition

It includes polyvinyl chloride pipes, fittings, tiles Electrical and Electronics Industries and Industrial Plastic Waste, Spare parts for automotive industry cars and also industrial plastics

Despite that, these types of wastes have relatively good physical properties. As a result, they are clean enough and pollution-free, also comes in large quantities and it is easy to collect.

Integrated Waste Management (IWM)

Undoubtedly, Integrated Waste Management has a positive impact on plastic waste management for plastic-free India

But firstly, we need to understand that IWM depends on what steps a “waste” can take and on what steps not permitted. As well as managerial procedures applicable to its transportation, export or processing, sales, and reuse,

During this many traditional waste problems, can be solved by reducing products, waste recovery, recycling, waste reduction. After that The range of waste as described by some traditional methods to reduce, and also manage waste.

Alternatively, consider that all options play a role at the same time without system minimization. Even so, IWM uses a combination of methods and procedures to manage target areas of wastewater flow.

Parts of the hierarchy must interact with each other and also understand the level change affect another level.

Similarly, the use of waste management options is that an integrated system provides the possibility to select the best waste management option because it is suitable for specific situations.

Municipal Solid Waste Management (MSW)

Waste is a by-product of society, Generally, MSW is considered a solid waste except hazardous and radioactive materials.

In addition, it clearly contains solid and semiconductor materials disposed of by the people.

In fact, reject the part of MSW produced in the domestic household. For example Papers, including waste or food waste, glassware, cans, and trash.

MSW can be considered solid waste from the following examples residential, commercial, institutional, and also industrial sources.

And most importantly it does not include waste from construction, automobile companies, municipal sludge, combustible ash, as well as industrial process waste.

Municipal Solid Wast

Solution To Reduce Plastic Pollution

Basically Ministry Of Housing And Urban Affairs suggests a road map given by UN To Plastic Free India. And also to prevent the use of single-use plastics and their combined effects,

Therefore the UN Environment has prepared a 10-step roadmap for governments. So that wish to adopt such measures or improve existing ones. Above all these steps are based on the experiences of 60 countries around the world

Steps Given By UN

First Five Steps

  1. Firstly target the most problematic single-use plastics and conduct an introductory survey to identify the current problems, scope, and implications of their management.

  2. Secondly Consider best solution for problem-solving (e.g. through regulatory, economic, awareness, and voluntary action),
    And also the socio-economic status of the country, and their appropriateness in addressing specific issues identified.

  3. Thirdly Assess the social, economic, and nature impacts (positive and negative) of preferred short-listed activities, and also consider how they affect the poor or the various sectors.

  4. After that Identify and engage key stakeholder groups, such as retailers, customers, industry representatives, local government, manufacturers, civil society, environmental groups, and tourism groups, So we can ensure wider buying.
    Simultaneously, Evidence-based studies are also needed to defeat opposition from the plastic industry.

  5. Then Raise public awareness of the problem caused by single-use plastics and clarify the decision and subsequent punishments.

  6. Encourage alternatives, Before the ban or tax goes into effect, the availability of alternatives must be charged, so the government can do the following:

    Firstly make sure there are previous conditions for getting them on the market.

    Secondly, provide financial support to encourage the adoption of more harmless and nature-friendly options.

    Thirdly Support may include support for tax incentives, R&D funds, technology incubation, public-private partnerships, and single-use recycling waste as a renewable resource.

  7. It is also important that Governments from the plastics industry, including plastic packaging importers and suppliers, have to face resistance. Meanwhile, give them time to adjust

  8. At lest Increase tax or taxable income to the common good.

  9. And then Implement an effective selection of solutions by ensuring that there is a clear allocation of roles as well as responsibilities.

  10. Finally Monitor and adjust selected sizes if necessary.

Awareness Advertisement Made By Government Of India

Circular Economy

Unquestionably the circular economy is beyond reuse. Firstly the goal is not only to reduce raw materials and energy usage through the restoration system but also to improve the quality of life.

In short in a circular economy, the value of products and materials is maintained as much as possible.

And Finally when a product reaches the end of its life, it reduces waste and puts resources into the economy, So can be reused to create more value for plastic-free India

Conclusion

Finally, in the current situation, the whole world is suffering and china will lose the manufacturing market, countries are trying to diversify their market,

And undoubtedly India is the first option for them if this happens India will gain their economic power.

After that we know, with great power, comes responsibility there are chances of different types of pollution and plastic is one of them. Therefore we need to build an infrastructure of recycling plastic

FAQs

1.Which state banned plastic first in India?

Sikkim is the first state who ban the plastic in 1998, As well as Bangladesh is the first country to ban plastic 

2.What country banned plastic?

Following Countries Ban The plastic
Italy, China, Bangladesh, Rwanda, Kenya, Congo, And South Africa

3.Can plastic be banned completely?

Clearly It is impossible to ban the plastic completely, but we can ban single-use plastic because it creates most of the plastic pollution

4.Which type of automobile waste collected by Municipality Waste Management?

Municipality collects plastic waste specifically parts of polyethylene, polypropylene, polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene terephthalate, including ABS

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