A mortgage is an agreement between two people legally that on their behalf or any property provides a loan to another person and if you are unable to pay the loan then the property owner is Leander.
There is a difference between loan and Mortgage let us understand in deep so you can use for your benefit
The things which you are going to understand here:
- Mortgage simple definition
- Category of Mortgages
- Types of Mortgage
- Advantage and Disadvantage between fixed-rate and adjustable Mortgage
- Equitable Mortgage
1) Mortgage simple definition
If you want a loan on a house or any commercial property that that loan is known as Mortgage.
In Loan if you are taking a loan then you have any collateral property and is you fail to pay the loan then the property is going to that lender or loan provider,
But that property in which you take a loan in duration you do not repay the loan then the lender forces you to pay the loan and if you fail to pay then the lender resell your property in bidding.
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2) Category of Mortgages
According to the law of transfer property act, this are the types of Mortgage
It’s a type of loan in which the owner has the right to resell the property of the loan taken person in case he does not repay the loan.
In this, the loan providing person does not resell the property, instant it uses that property on rent and repays the loan
- By the Conditional Sale:
In this, the condition that up to a certain period of time is the loan taker does not repay then the loan provider gives a date until that date if the loan does not repay then he has to write to sell the property and vice versa.
This is the same as for conditional sales but it has a personal bond.
- By Deposit of Title Deeds:
Similar to simple but it has something to deposit.
Other types of Mortgages people make their own conditions.
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3) Types of Mortgage
There are two types of mortgages:
In which the interest rate is fixed is known as the fixed whereas in the loan the rate of interest is fluctuating. So this is planned in a group and predefined. The installment of loans that have to pay.
ii) Adjustable-Rate :
in which the rate of interest is changed with the time or in which we can change is known as an adjustable example a home loan.
This is fluctuating over time. In this the monthly installment is going high and low according to the interest rate.
This is an irregular process throughout the year sometimes it goes high and sometimes lows down.
So the question is how the Adjustable-rate is calculated.
It’s not a theoretical thing it has a proper formula of calculating Adjustable Mortgage rate:
Index rate + margin = interest rate.
The three factors on which index rate is depended they are:
- The London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR)
- The one-year Treasury bill.
- The Cost of Funds Index (COFI).
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To track your fund interest, ask with your lender the reference of the index because some lender uses their own rate of interest, so confirm where to track it.
LIBOR is the most used index but it’s totally up to your lender which index fund he has to choose. Your lender also governs the margin you will pay, which is the number of percentage points added to the index.
While applying for an ARM, the margin percentages vary from lender to lender and should be a prime focus of your research. That margin should be fixed through the life of your loan.
While signing up for an ARM loan, you should consider the adjustable-rate mortgages carefully. When interest rates are low, borrowers choose a 30-year fixed for the safety and security of knowing the monthly payment will never change.
On the contrary, when the interest rates rise, ARMs can accommodate those who want low payments early in the loan or who don’t expect to live in the home for 30 years.
In any case, make sure you know the benefits and drawbacks of adjustable-rate mortgages. Before signing the dotted line, know the timing sequence for rate adjustments, the caps that apply, and what penalties you will pay for not fulfilling the terms and conditions of the loan.
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4) Advantage and Disadvantage between fixed-rate and adjustable Mortgage:
There are advantages and disadvantages to both adjustable and fixed-rate mortgages. Let’s take a look at some of these advantages/disadvantages.
- Fixed Rate
- You don’t have to worry about the increase and decrease in the interest rate.
- You have a fixed monthly installment.
- In case you pay an extra amount of money it reduces your loan.
- Adjustable Rate
- Can lower the payment during the early years of the loan
- Due to low interest, you can pay money on time.
- To decrease it’s rate adjustable rate can be used as a vehicle.
- Fixed Rate
- You are locked in fixed interest and you have to pay it.
- The potentially higher initial cost
- Possible prepayment penalties
- Adjustable Rate
- The rate fluctuates with capital market interest rates
- Payments can increase periodically during times of higher inflation or instability of capital markets
- The payment is unpredictable
An adjustable-rate can be used to help a borrower qualify for a larger payment and as a vehicle to reduce a mortgage balance.
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5) Equitable Mortgage
For the best Mortgage loan, the lender takes you all original documents of property for security purposes.
Because he gives you money on the basis of your property and you give him the right to take proper action on his property if you do not repay.
He can sell it or appoint a nonprofit and take your property.
If definitely there is time if you go wrong. The lender gets forgotten to write a description in the Mortgage agreement.
Or alternatively your spouse and you signed in the wrong place.
If you signed wrong or if you forgot to sign on the document then that document is not legal.
Hence, the court decides account to your intention
If your intent appears to be called it Mortgage then,
Were the lender have full right to take a legal action it can acquire your property
Other Equitable Mortgages
F equity is created under different circumstances. then the lender can take your property and convert it into an equality Mortgage.
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Be aware of what you are doing with that Mortgage; take it from the trust full person with a proper documentation process. Decide where you have to take a fixed interest rate or Adjustable-rate. A Mortgage is a good option but there is a chance to lose your properties and the lender can also do fraud with you so take it seriously and then make a decision.
Ans: Mostly Not by maybe yes if you are in a relationship with someone. Or in case you sign wrong on the document then they are not legal.
Ans: Because there is a chance that you can lose your home or any other property.
Ans: Probably Not
Ans: It Depends on the valuation of your property.
Ans: According to your requirement if you are buying small house then it is better to take Mortgage.