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What’s Indian textile industry? Indian textile industry 2020


India is the world’s third largest textile exporter country.

This segment generates a huge amount of employ

Cotton is as called white gold, and it is the black truth of India that the maximum number of suicide attempted farmers have belonged from cotton farming.

India is the 2nd largest cotton producing country in the world

What’s in it for me?

  1. Introduction to the Indian textile industry
  2. Top textile brands in India
  3. Indian textile market size
  4. Export
  5. FDI and other investments
  6. Government policies
  7. Cotton textile industry.
  8. Conclusion
  9. FAQs

Introduction to the Indian textile industry

In this paragraph, I am going to discuss the introduction to the Indian textile industry. Indian textile industry is the world’s third second largest cotton producing country. And third-largest cotton exporting country. The top cotton-producing and exporting country is China.

Firstly, the Indian textile industry is the second highest employment generation industry, whereas agriculture is first. not only for skilled but also for unskilled labors.

Market size and export

The market size of the Indian textile industry is above US$108billion, and it has chances to go near US$204billion in the year 2021 including FDI.

If we think about export so around 15% of the total export of India, we export the fabrics also nearly 7% of the industrial economy comes from this industry, also 2% shear of our GDP is coming from the same it is too high. so If we are exporting the fabrics then there must be some importers and others also.

For the Indian textile industry, the United States and the United Kingdome are the two too biggest markets. And remaining are exported to the Middle East and various Asian countries.

The Indian textile industry offers employment to nearly 3.7corore peoples. so lots of peoples indirectly depend on this industry for their employment as well as for their future it is so it is necessary to increase FDI and investments.

Following are the main textile type process and use in India.

  • Cotton
  • Wool
  • Jute
  • Wool
  • Man-Made Fiber

History of indian textile indestry

If we think about the history of the Indian textile industry business, then by the archeological sourly of India, and deferent studies, it is clear that the people of Harappa Sanskriti were known with the art of weaving and spinning of the cotton before from nearly four thousand years ago.

Also, the weaving and spinning lectures are found in the lectures of wide. The block printing which has the origin from Gujarat and that observed in tombs of Fostat Egypt.

So this thing clears the concept of the export and marketing of cotton clothing from India to Egypt and other Nile civilizations in medieval times.

Also In some studies, it is also clear that India was exported silk from India to the western country by the silk route of china, and take their spices in the barter system.

Late 17th and 18th century India was exported a large number of Indian textiles, to meet the industrial needs of Weston industries, during the evaluation of industrialization.

Top textile brands in India

As we know the fabric business of India is not only very old but also too big, so some largest companies in the world are formed in India. Now, these companies are providing employment to the Indian peoples for a long time. Also, this are attracting FDI.

If we are studying the Indian textile industry then it is necessary to discuss the top companies of India working in this industry.

The top textile brands of India are as follows.

  1. Bombay Dyeing and Manufacturing Company Ltd.
  2. Bombay Rayon Fashion Ltd.
  3. Fabindia Overseas Pvt. Ltd.
  4. Grasim Industries Ltd.
  5. JCT Ltd.
  6. Karnataka Silk Industries Corporation Ltd.
  7. Raymond Ltd.
  8. The Lakshmi Mills Company Ltd.
  9. Vardhman Textiles Ltd.
  1. Bombay Dyeing and Manufacturing Company Ltd.
    • Current Chairman – Mr. Nusli Wadia
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹4429.76crores in March 2018 it was ₹2662.32
    • It was started in the year 1979 by Nusli Wadia group
  2. Bombay Rayon Fashion Ltd.
    • Current Chairman – Mr. JD Agrawal
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹941.46crores in March 2018 it was ₹3088.36
    • It was started in the year 1986 by Mr. JD Agrawal
  3. Fabindia Overseas Pvt. Ltd.
    • CEO – Viney Singh
    • Founded in 1960 by John Bissell
  4. Grasim Industries Ltd.
    • Chairman – Kumar Mangalam Birla
    • Net sales turnover ₹20550.43corors
    • Founded in 1947
  5. JCT Ltd.
    • Chairman and managing director – Samir Thapar
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹800.33crores in March 2018 it was ₹746.88
    • Founded in the year 1946 by Lala Karamchand Thapar
  6. Karnataka Silk Industries Corporation Ltd.
    • Chairman – Shri Rajendra Kumar Kataria
    • Sri Nalvadi Krishnaraja Wodeyar was Founded in 1912
  7. Raymond Ltd.
    • Chairman – Gautam Singhania
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹3276.39crores in March 2018 it was ₹3011.56
    • Founded by Vijaypat Singhaniya  in the year 1925
  8. The Lakshmi Mills Company Ltd.
    • Chairman – Sanjay Jayavarthanavelu
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹247.70crores in March 2018 it was ₹239.36
    • Founded by G kuppuswami Naidu in 1911
  9. Vardhman Textiles Ltd.
    • Chairman – Shri Paul Oswal
    • Net sales turnover in March 2019 was ₹6414.58crores in March 2018 it was ₹5851.37
    • Founded by Lal Ratanchand Oswal in 1965

Above all nine are the top textile brand of India.

Indian Textile Market Size  

Market Size

Indian textile industry is one of the oldest in the world, also because of the population Indian market is the second largest. So the size of the Indian textile market is US$150Billion and it has the expectation to grow up to US$250billion till 2021 include FDI.

If we calculate the size of the Indian market in the form of GDP then it comes around 2% of GDP, this shows that it is a very big market. And in the year 2018-19 this segment contributes nearly 15% of the total export include FDI.

Also this segment was collected FDI of US$ 3.19billion from April 2000 to June 2019.

Garment industry market size

If we think about the separate garment industry then, the valuation of the Indian garment industry is above ₹1trillion it distributes into deferent types which depend on some factors like the use which is as follows.

  1. Nightwear – 34% approx. and
  2. Women garments – 22%

In the garment industry, we produce around 26% of garment for export and remaining for domestic use.

So to know more visit – Clothe worn in India, Introduction of Indian clothing 2020


As we discuss above China is the world’s highest exporter country for the same in the world, and the European Union is in the second position, also the Indian textile industry is in the third position including FDI.

The reason behind this is the size of the domestic clothing market of India, so the Indian textile industry consumes the maximum fabrics.

Type wise textile export

If we think about the type-wise export of Indian textile then this as follows for the year 2019.

Sr. No.Form of TextileExport value in million U.S. dollars
 1.RMG Cotton (Including Accessories)8,692.68
 2.Cotton fabric and made-ups5,946.45
 3.Manmade Yarn, Fabric & Made-ups4,980.48
 4.Cotton yarn3,895.49
 5.RMG Manmade fibers3,852.15
 6.RMG Others3,222.37
 7.Raw Cotton (include waste)2,104.34
 8.Handmade non-silk carpets1,465.9
 9.Manmade staple fiber570.81
 10.Other textile yarn, fabric made-ups.457.63
 11.Handloom Products343.73
 13.Woolen yarn, Fabrics & made-ups.220.56
 14.RMG wool197.73
 15.RMG Silk170.4
 16.Other jute products142.74
 17.Hessian jute113.81
 18.Natural Silk yarn, Fabrics, and made-ups.57.61
 19.Jute floor covering.52.85
 20.Silk waste18.57
 21.Silk Carpets16.11
 22.Jute yarns15.58
 23.Raw Jute11.98
 24.Raw wool1.14
 25.Raw silk0.19

Export data of the year 2019 is shown above, and in this data, all types of textiles are covered.

So now In the future, there is a very good chance of increasing the fabric market capital because the government has permitted 100% of FDI (Foreign Direct Investment)

So to know more please visit – What is the Indian textile export? Textile export of India.

FDI and other investments

Indian textile industry is one of the largest fabrics industries in the world with a market capitalization of US$137 with FDI.

And also a very big part of employment in India comes from the Indian textile industry, that’s why now the government of India made allow the 100% FDI in this segment. So this will help to improve not only employment but also the economy of India.

Also, the integrated parks are provided by the government. Technology up-gradation funds also established to upgrade the skill and other works.

Also with the increase of the FDI government has increases customs duty from 10% to 20% on 501 taxable products to earning from FDI.

Also, the government has announced deferent packages for the exporters to promote the fabric export from India.

Some of the major investment in the Indian textile industry

  • The Indian government approved skill development scheme named as “Scheme for capacity building in the textile industry” with the provision of ₹1300corore
  • The future group has planned to open 80 new fashion stores in an affordable format.
  • Raymond made a partnership with Khari and the village industry commotion.

Government policies

A large part of the Indian economy has come from this sector, also fabric sector is one of the sectors after the agricultural sector which generates the highest employment.

Because of this and other reasons like this government of India has developed and lots of policies for this sector, which are as follows.

Policies By Government

  • Amended technology up-gradation fund scheme (ATUFS)
  • PowerTap India scheme
  • Scheme for Integrated Textile Park
  • SAMARTH – Scheme for capacity building in the textile sector.
  • Silk Samagra – Integrated silk development scheme
  • North Eastern Region Textile Promotion Scheme (NERTPS)
  • National Handicraft Development Program
  • Comprehensive handicraft cluster development scheme.

Some other policies

The government has also launched some policies for deferent types of textiles which are as follows.

  • Textile export quota Polices 200-2005
  • National Jute Policy 2005
  • National textile policy 2000

These all are the policies implemented by the government of India to promote the export of Indian textiles.

Cotton textiles industry.

Indian cotton industry is a very old industry for India. And Indian is well known to cotton from a long time before. it is a base of the Indian textile industry now this is attracting the FDI.

As we know in history also India was one of the well-known exporters of this, this position of India was squared because of the cotton only. This thing is to continue on today also. We are a well-known cotton fabric exporter country in the world include FDI.

Today Indian cotton textile industry is the well-steeled fabric industry. This industry is closely related to agriculture and rural life. So the FDI targeting this area,

India is the world’s third-largest cotton-producing country, we have a system for the complete journey of cotton fabric from farm to market and home.

Main things of cotton textile indestry

In the system of cotton fabric on the first stage, there is a farmer, the farmer grows the cotton and supplies to joining and pressing. After which it goes to twilight. Then thread goes to the fabric industry. currently, to develop that sector FDI is essential.

Then forward to the fabric industry or export. This is the complete process of the Indian cotton fabric industry. government training to increase the FDI to develop that sector.

History of FDI and investment in cotton textile indestry

If we think about the history of the Indian textile industry then one thing comes in front of us that. India was the global leader for nearly 3000 years from 1500 B.C. to 1500 A.D. it was an ideal medium to buy another well in exchange by barter economy.

In India there was a first cotton mill that was started in 1818 at fort Glister near Kolkata it was the first FDI in the textile industry. But this mill failed, then the second mill was started by KGN Debar in 1854 and named as Bombay spinning and weaving company. From this mill, the actual textiles industry took a jump.

Condition of cotton farmers

Currently, in India, the condition of industrialists related to the fabric industry is very good as compare to others, but the actual base of this industry farmer.

Indian cotton farmers are currently facing a very bad economic situation. Filling shame to say that today’s Indian cotton farmers are not able to buy even normal cotton shirts. He is not able to provide education to his coherence.

And the current condition is very bad the siesta attempted maximum farmers have belonged from the same cotton farming.

It gives good fill only to say that India’s largest employment creating aria is agriculture but no one has interested to develop that area and inviting FDI.

to know more please visit – Indian cotton textile industry 2020-21 in detail.


  • Indian textile industry is one of the biggest in the world and it is too old.
  • Bombay dyeing is indies largest company for the same.
  • Indian textile market size is nearly US$140Billion
  • India is the third-largest exporter country in this field.
  • The government made allow FDI 100%.
  • Indian cotton industry is one of the oldest in the world.


1. How many textile industry are there in India?

By the data of 30 Sept 2018, there were above 1900 industries of the same in India.

2. Which is the largest textile producing state of India?

Maharashtra, Gujarat, Tamil Nadu, Uttar Pradesh.

3. Which is the textile city of India?

Surat is the textile city of India.

4. Which city is famous for the textile industry?

Coimbtur is famous for this indestry.



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