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World War II – Start, Timeline, Summary, Facts & The End

World War II, 1939-1945

World War II is also called The Second World War, a conflict that affects virtually all parts of the world in 1939-1945. The main warlords are the Axis powers (Germany, Italy and Japan) and the Allied Power– France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union and, to a lesser extent, China.

After a 20-year hiatus from The First World War without conflict, but the war continued in many ways.  The 40M to 50M deaths of World War II became the bloodiest conflict and the greatest war in history.



Many seeds from the Second World War have sown in Europe thanks to the Treaty of Versailles which ended World War I.

But in the final, the agreement blamed the war against Germany and Austria-Hungary. As well as demanding severe monetary compensation and leading to a regional disaster.

The German peoples believed that US President Woodrow Wilson agreed to these weapons on the basis of fourteen long dots. That was created because of the resentment and deep distrust of their new government. The new German Government called the Weimar Republic.

Brief Timeline

  1. The outbreak of World War II (1939)
  2. World War II in the West (1940-41)
  3. Operation Barbarossa (1941-42)
  4. World War II in the Pacific (1941-43)
  5. Toward Allied Victory in World War II (1943-45)
  6. World War II Ends (1945)

Casualties in World War II

The most devastating war in history, its true value in human life is unknown. But during the Second World War, the victims are total of more than 60 million soldiers and civilians.  The military and civilians suffer the most in increasing order:

  • USSR: 42,000,000
  • Germany: 9,000,000
  • China: 4,000,000
  • Japan: 3,000,000

World War II Start

Some say it was a continuation of The First World War, which theoretically ended in 1918.

Others indicate 1931 when Japan occupied Manchuria from China. The invasion of Italy and the defeat of Abyssinia (Ethiopia). The re-militarization of the German Rhineland of Adolf Hitler in 1935, and the Spanish civil war (1936-1939). And the occupation cited Germany from Czechoslovakia in 1938.

Adolf Hitler

The two dates most frequently called “the start of World War II” were July 7, 1937, when “the Marco Polo Bridge incident” led to a protracted war between Japan and China. And Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, provoking revenge for Great Britain and Britain.

France has declared war on Hitler’s Nazi state.  From the invasion of Poland in September 1945 to the end of the war of the invasion of Poland. But, most countries in the world engaged in armed wars.

Leading up to World War II

The devastation of The Great War (then known as World War I) greatly destabilized Europe. And in many ways, World War II arose from problems that had not been resolved by previous conflicts.

In particular, the political and economic instability in Germany and the endless resentment of the harsh conditions imposed by the Treaty of Versailles. Which led to the rise to power of Adolf Hitler and his national Nazi party.

Did you know? As early 1923, in his memoir and propaganda book “Main Kampf” (My Struggle), Adolf Hitler predicted a general European war that would lead to the “extermination of the Jewish race in Germany.”

After Rich became Chancellor in 1933, Hitler quickly exercised unified powers, and in 19434 inaugurated himself as Fuhrer (supreme leader). Hitler was obsessed with the idea of ​​the superiority of the “authentic” German nation, which he called the “Aryans“.

Hitler believed that war was war that career needed to expand the only way to get the “Lebensram” or essential space. Reconstruction of Germany began in the mid-1930s, secretly and in violation of the Treaty of Versace.

After allying himself with Italy and Japan against the Soviet Union, Hitler sent troops to occupy Austria in 1936 and annexed Czechoslovakia the following year. Hitler’s open aggression was uncontrollable, as the United States and the Soviet Union then turned their attention to domestic politics. And neither France nor Great Britain (the other two countries most devastated by World War I) was interested in fighting.

The U.S. Entrance and Battle of Midway

 Although the Pearl Harbour attack prompted a declaration of war by the United States in Japan the following day. It will be months before American forces are seriously involved in the military.

In the spring of 12, the United States and Japan engaged in a series of recent naval battles. Which took place during the war on June 1942, and Japan faced a catastrophic defeat.

Operation Barbarossa (1941-42)

In early 1941, Hungary, Romania, and Bulgaria joined the Axis, and German troops invaded Yugoslavia and Greece in April.

Hitler’s conquest of the Balkans was the precursor to his real goal: the invasion of the Soviet Union, whose vast territory gave the German master race its much-needed “Lebensraum“.

Half of Hitler’s other strategy was to exterminate Jews from German-occupied Europe. Plans for a “Final Solution” were launched during the Soviet invasion. Over the next three years, more than 4 million Jews would be exterminated in death camps set up in occupied Poland.

On June 22, 1941, Hitler ordered Operation Barbarossa to invade the USSR. Although Soviet tanks and aircraft were much larger than the Germans. Their aircraft technology was mostly obsolete, and the effects of the surprise attack helped the Germans reach 200 miles from Moscow in mid-July.

Negotiations between Hitler and his commanders resulted in the subsequent German advance being halted until October. t was halted due to the Soviet counter-attack and the onset of severe winter weather.

Notes for World War II

 The political leaders of the war were Winston Churchill in Great Britain, Adolf Hitler in Germany, Benito Mussolini in Italy, Franklin D. Roosevelt in the United States and Joseph Stalin from the Soviet Union.

Among the military leaders were Charles de Gaulle of France; Bernard Montgomery of Great Britain; Hermann Goering and Erwin Rommel, Germany; Yugoslavia Tito; Omar Bradley, Dwight Eisenhower, William Halsey, Douglas MacArthur, Chester Nimitz and George Patton from the United States.

World War II Casualties and Legacy

World War II turned out to be the deadliest international conflict in history, killing 60 to 80 million people, 6 million Jews who died at the hands of the Nazis during the Holocaust.

Civilians kill around 50 to 55 million people during the war. And between 21-25 million militants are killed during the war.  Millions more were injured and more people lost their homes and belongings.

The legacy of war will include the spread of communism from the Soviet Union to Eastern Europe. Its final victory in China and the two rival superpowers of Europe in power – the United States and the USSR – which will soon face the Cold War.

World War II Ends (1945)

At the Potsdam Conference in July-August 19445, US President Harry S. Truman (who took over after Roosevelt’s death in April), Churchill and Stalin discussed the ongoing war with Japan, as well as the peace treaty with Germany.

Post-war Germany will be divided into four occupied territories, controlled by the USSR, UK, the USA, and France. Churchill and Truman embraced Stalin on the divisive issue of the future of Eastern Europe. because they needed Soviet cooperation in the war against Japan.


How did World War 2 start?

The two dates often referred to as the “start of World War II” were July 7, 1937, when “the Marco Polo Bridge incident” led to a protracted war between Japan and China, and September 1, 1939, Germany invaded Poland, prompting Britain and Britain to retaliate. France has declared war on Hitler’s Nazi state

Which countries fought in World War 2?

Which country fought during the Second World War? The main fighters are the Axis Powers (Germany, Italy and Japan) and the Allies (France, Great Britain, the United States, the Soviet Union and, to a lesser extent, China).

How did World War 2 end?

The Second World War ended with the unconditional surrender of the Axis powers. On May 8, 19445, a week after the suicide of Adolf Hitler, the Allies went to Germany. VE Day – Victory in Europe May 8, 1945, marks the end of the Second World War.

Course: [Wikipedia],[history.com][Shilalipi Academy],[Britannica]



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