World War I, also known as The Great World War or The First World War, is a world war that lasted from 1914 to 1918. Now described as the “war to end all wars“. It led to the gathering of more than 70 million troops, also including millions of Europeans. Such as one of the largest wars in history. It is one of the deadliest conflicts in history. Altogether, nearly 9 million fighters killed and 13 million civilians killed in the war.
- Main Causes of the World War I
- Immediate Cause of WW1
- Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
- The End of The War and Armistice
- World War I Casualties
Main Causes of the World War I
The main causes of the “First World War” or World War I or The Great War (1914-1918) consist of four long-term causes. And also a short-term cause. I use the short description, M.A.N.I.A to help my students remember the top 5 causes of World War I; These are Militarism, Alliances, Nationalism, Imperialism and Assassination. Each of these factors played an important role in the causes of World War I.
Each cause will be defined. Moreover, present as a long or short-term cause. And also the reasons why each term led to war will be described in detail.
The real causes of World War I include politics, secret alliances, imperialism, and nationalist pride.
However, there was only one incident, the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of Austria. It led to a series of events leading up to the war.
An arms race as we enter the 20th century or Starts. In 1914, Germany was the largest growth. In the military. Great Britain and Germany. During this period their vessels increased significantly. Also, the military in Germany and especially Russia. The impact on the organization began to grow Public policy. This increase in the army has contributed Countries involved in the war.
Alliances, in theory, are a big thing. However, many alliances found just before the war encouraged countries to be braver than they should be. And then, when their activities triggered a public conflict, their allies got involved. Think of it this way: Russia is watching and playing. Little Germany, which does not like Russia, comes and sees it.
During World War I, Vladimir Lenin, the father of the Soviet Union, wrote an essay called Imperialism, the Highest Stage of Capitalism (1917), in which he laid the foundation for his own philosophy of communism.
He believed that the war was a capitalist financial monopoly commodity between the states. That created national rivalries and pushed great powers into a catastrophic conflict with access to raw materials and underdeveloped markets.
The Nationalism was a major cause of World War I because countries were greedy and they were not negotiating. Nationalism shows that you are proud of your country and want it to be the best.
There were many factors related to countries, all wanted to be better than others. Nationalist parties in Austria-Hungary and Serbia sought independence. France wanted Alsace Lauren to return to Germany, defeated during the Franco-Prussian War of 1871.
The use of Nationalism earned the country false hopes and aggressive ways to win the war. Even if they do not win in a war because of their energy and plans and their understanding of the leaders. This leads to Imperialism.
As you can see, nationalism has created a major barrier to countries’ understanding of war and strength. Also, how different countries wanted their land to be successful in winning the war.
Immediate Cause of WW1
In the years leading up to World War I – especially in the volatile Balkan region of southeastern Europe – tensions spread throughout Europe.
Several alliances involving European powers, the Ottoman Empire, Russia and other parties have existed for years, but political instability in the Balkans (especially Bosnia, Serbia and Herzegovina) has threatened to destroy these agreements.
Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
Archduke Francois-Ferdinand and his wife were shot dead on 28 June 1914, on a visit to Bosnia. Austria-Hungary was angry that Serbia did not consider it Serb’s responsibility to investigate the fire.
Although Serbia received a few requests from Austria-Hungary to take action for their purposes, it was not enough.
Serbia responded to increased tensions by sending parts of its army near the Austro-Hungarian border. The Austro-Hungarian army opened fire on the air and warned them.
The Austro-Hungarian government received news of a large Serbian invasion and declared war against Serbia. This provoked a domino effect, where great European powers activated their war plan.
World War I Begin
First, Russia prepared an army for the war on the basis of friendship with Serbia. As a result of Russian law, the Austro-Hungarian and German armies were fully prepared for war.
Soon, more countries joined the war on the basis of their alliances, treaties, and responses.
As tensions escalated, European countries started working more and more. More weapons wanted each side to remain in a position of power, right Case.
With all of this, you can see why there were certain regions of Europe Called “powder keg“?
The situation in Europe has made this one, A place that can explode at any time, just like a full barrel Ammo. The murder of the Archduke was the spark that sparked a spark within him Powder cake the feeling of nationalism has pushed countries to fight.
The alliance brings more countries. With arms stock, the war could begin immediately. World War I was the largest and the most A fierce battle that has never happened before.
America in WW1
At the beginning of the war in 1914, the United States was on the brink of World War. But, adopted a policy of neutrality in favour of President Woodrow Wilson. As it continued to trade and continue with European countries on both sides of the conflict.
However, in the face of Germany’s uncontrolled underground aggression against neutral ships, including passenger carriers. It is becoming increasingly difficult to maintain neutrality.
In 1915, Germany declared the waters around the British Isles a war zone, and German submarines sank several commercial and passenger ships, including several American ships.
The End of The War and Armistice
Although both sides started renewing their efforts to win the war in 1918 or something, both Attempt failed.
Fighting between tired and frustrated troops continues to advance in August – September, an Allied invasion along with the Muse and through the Argonne Forest succeeded in giving a lead tired, the German army returned to the German border again.
Meanwhile, a severe flu epidemic, both sides have wreaked havoc on the troops.
Finally, the governments of Germany and Austria-Hungary, the two countries began to lose control as they experienced multiple uprisings within their military structure.
On 11 November 1918, the Germans signed an armistice, agreeing to surrender, to surrender their weapons.
A large part of their navy and emptied the occupied territory.
World War I Casualties
World War I cost the lives of more than 9 million soldiers; Another 21 million people were injured in the war, which has indirectly reduced the number of civilian casualties to about 10 million.
Germany and France are the two most affected countries, each sending about 80% of men between the ages of 15 and 49 to war.
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