Home Education Atom and Molecule |Best Differences, definition and others

Atom and Molecule |Best Differences, definition and others

There is basic difference presents between atom and molecule is that atom is individual and molecule can’t made without atoms

This whole universe is made by atom and molecule. Most of the universe consists of matter and energy. Energy is the capacity to did the work and matter is the thing that occupies the space.

All mater consist of element that cannot be broke down to the substance with different types of chemical or physical properties.

Chemical & Physical properties of atom and molecule

Element are consist of mostly one type of atom like carbon, gold, iron others.

 And atoms is the smallest particle which can not be created nor be destroyed in any physical or chemical process. 

An atom has nucleus in the center of the atom and

It consist of proton which has positive charge (+) and neutron which has no charge (0),

In the other part of atom electron are present in their shell or orbits

Which has negative (-) charge and which revolves around the nucleus like as our solar system.

Well atom and molecule both are very different thing in each other but some new science students or a person sometimes get confused who learn about it,

The basic of chemistry science has a confusion about the atom and molecule.

He/she thinks like what is the atom ? what is molecule ? and what are the differences between atom molecules.

Both molecule and atom are the most basic unit of physical matter. Atom has a different weight which is based on it’s number of protons and neutrons

Which present in the nucleus and electron which revolves around the nucleus.

The thing named electromagnetic force that keeps an atom together can also holds the two or more than two atoms together which is forms a molecule,

And these molecule join together to forms matter.

Things that you are going to know in this article –

  1. Atom
  2. Molecule
  3. Difference between atom and molecule
  4. Conclusion
  5. FAQ

Atom

Atom

An atom is also known as the building block of life. An atom contains three things proton, neutron that present in the nucleus and electron which presents around the nucleus. There are many types of atom are there.

Atom is that smallest thing that can not be created nor can be destroyed in any type of chemical or physical process it is immortal in nature.

Atom has it’s a very complicated structure and theories even nobody can see it by naked eyes or through normal microscope,

It can be see with the help of powerful microscope.

Electrons may be differ, in the case of ions, which have electron lost or gained. Basically ions are, when an atom has a extra electron or a deficiency of electrons then atom shared it’s electron or compromise with the other,

Atom of same element or other element then ions are formed.

When a atom give it’s electron the it said to be positive (+) ion and when atom has deficiency of electrons in this case atom compromised with other,

Atom and carries it’s electron then in this case it is negative (-) ion.

Ions plays in the maintaining the valency of atom and keeps it stable. Any type of state solid, liquid and gas consist of atom but now you ask they are of same atom then why

They have too much differences in their shape, sizes and other.

This is because of the molecular space present between their atoms. Like solid has no space present between in it’s atoms,

Liquid has a little space in it’s atom and gas has a large number of space present between it’s atoms that’s why it flows in all directions.

Molecule

Molecule

Molecules are basically combination of one or more than one atom of same elements or other elements.

Molecules are distinguished from ions because of their lack of electrical charge. Well all this universe are made up of matter and molecules combines together to matter,

Atom combine together to form molecule there is a great relationship present between atom, molecule and matter.

Molecule as a components of matter are very common in organic substance like they also make up most of the oceans and atmosphere of the earth.

When atoms share electron to make bond with each other it forms a lots of atom with bound this group is called molecule.

Molecules can be divide and still retain the composition and chemical properties of that substance.

There is not only one type of molecule present there are many types of molecules are present

But mostly three types of molecule are commonly found in nature, and these types of molecule are –

1. Diatomic molecules

This type of molecule (diatomic molecules) contains only two atoms that are chemically bonded. Diatomic molecules basically two types –

  • Homonuclear molecule –  If two atoms are identically join as in, for example, the oxygen molecule (O2) they composed a homonuclear diatomic  molecule.
  • Hetronuclear molecules – If two atoms are different in each other as in carbon monoxide atom (CO) then they found hetronuclear molecules.

2. Polyatomic molecules

Molecules that contains more two or more than two atoms then they forms polyatomic molecules. For example carbon dioxide (CO2) and water (H2O).

3. Polymer molecules

Molecule that contains many thousands of component atom are formed polymer molecules.

The ratio of atom that bounded together to form molecules is fixed. It is possible for same type of atoms to combine in different but in a definite proportion to form different molecules like as

Two atom of hydrogen (H2) will chemically bond with another atom of oxygen to form water (H2O) molecule.

It is possible for atom to bond together in a definite or fixed proportion to form different molecules.

Those type molecules are called isomers. Arrangement of these are different of the atoms with in the molecules.

Electron pairs or Covalent bonds are hold together by molecules, (I told about covalent bond in my earlier articles),

Those types of bonds are directional, means that the atoms adopt specific position related to each other so as maximize the bond strength.

Now I think you can know about the relation and differences between , both has not a major difference between each other

Because both are closely related for example molecules are made up of atoms.

But there is one difference that separate both and that things are,

Difference between Atom and Molecule

Atom can not be created nor be destroyed in any type of chemical or physical process but

Molecules can created by many atoms in any process for ex- chemical or physical and,

Also can be separate into atoms means it is destroyable and createable. 

Atom is single unit, it is building block of life and molecules are a group of various types of atom that presents in our universe.

Molecule creates matter and this whole world contains our earth and atmosphere is made up of this matter.

Basically a mass or weight that occupies space and had a shape is called matter. 

Conclusion

Atom and molecules are most popular topic in science subject. Most of the peoples and students want to know about this.

Both are one unit, I mean molecules are made by many and different types of atoms but the the only things that creates differences between them is,

Molecule can be divide or breakdown into atoms but atom can not create and divide. Most things that are present around us are in the form of molecules like water is also a molecule (H2O).

FAQ

What is the basic difference between atom and molecule ?

The basic differences between atom and molecule is that atom is itself a individual but molecule is a group of many atoms.

Can a molecule forms without atoms ?

No, this is not possible. A molecule can not forms without atoms.

When atoms forms molecule ?

When two or more than atoms chemically bond together then they form a molecule. Sometimes the atoms are all from the same element.

Work hard, to live large

Saharsh Upadhyay
Work hard, to live large
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