Hello Friends, here today we are presenting an inspirational biography of Rabindra Nath Tagor Because he is the spiritual personality of India. And we are confident that this biography will be liked by all of you readers and will inspire all of you, so let’s start without delay Let’s do Biography Rabindra Nath Tagor.
What’s in it for me?
- Who Is Rabindra Nath Tagor
- Personal Information And Family
- Family Background
- Contribution To Literature.
- Author Of The National Anthem Of India
- Establishment Of Shanti Niketan
- Philosophy Of Education
Who Was Rabindra Nath Tagor
So friends, we starting the biography of Rabindra Nath Tagor. Rabindra Nath Thakur, the author of Gitanjali and creator of the National Anthem (Jana Gana Mana), And he was born in a very turbulent political environment.
Raising the voice against British rule was the main reason for this bad atmosphere. Unfortunately, the Mahakranti of May 10, 1857, had also failed. Because British rulers dedicated themselves to their roots in India.
He was engaged in preparing such supporters for Hindus through the English educational system, which may be Hindustani in color, but in intellectual terms, they are followers of English.
Very soon, the influence of the English educational system began to appear on the Indians. But Indians educated in English here began to see their religion, education, culture and behaviour at a low level of inferiority.
But the fire of the ideological fumigation of Hindu society was still burning. Because enlightened him, enlightened thinkers like Raja Rammohan Roy, Keshav Chandra Sen, Maharishi Dayanand Saraswati and Swami Vivekananda were active.
Advancing in the order of such enlightened and best thinkers, And Thakur Rabindra Nath Tagore displayed the brilliance of his pen in all genres because it poetry, drama, novel, or story.
Come, before knowing in detail the life story of this great poet, briefly tell us some important things about his life so that you have no problem understanding him.
Personal Information And Family Of Rabindra Nath Tagor
|Rabindra Nath Tagore
|Date Of Birth
|7 May 1861
|Thakurbari of Addasako, Kolkata
|Shri Devendranath Tagore
|Shri Mati Sharda Devi
|Writer and Painter
|7 August 1941
Family Background Of Rabindra Nath Tagor
Friends, So now I am telling in biography Of Rabindra Nath Tagor about Maharishi Rabindra Nath Tagore, He was born on May 7, 1861, in the renowned family in Calcutta, and where all the convenience materials were already available. And his father Maharishi Devendranath was noted for his scholar and sattvikta throughout Bengal. So the boy Ravi was raised in the same way as his father.
Rabindra Nath Tagore Childhood
The Triveni of religion, art and science flowed into the Rabindra Nath Tagore boy’s house. And there was also a beautiful garden in his house. Because the park’s greenery and birdsong always appealed to him.
But there is no doubt that he obtained the aura of an innate identity from childhood, and he spent his entire childhood in the care of servants. But it is also noteworthy that, despite the lack of wealth, his childhood passed with great simplicity.
Rabindra Nath Tagore Education
In Biography Of Rabindra Nath Tagor. Rabindra Nath Tagore was a talented and versatile personality and his personality had an indelible mark on his father. Because he learned important things like meditation, prayer, peace, and worship from his father.
In line with family tradition, Rabindra Nath Tagore’s education and initiation began at home, but Rabindra Nath, who did not pay much attention to studies, had a keen interest in literature and painting.
Rabindra Nath Early Education: He obtained his early education at the Oriental Seminary, then at the Normal and Bangla Academy.
University education: He received his university education from Saint Xavier.
And After completing his university studies in 1878 AD, he went to England with his brother Satyendranath to become a lawyer. Because there he did special studies in English literature from London Universities.
He arrived in India in 1880 after completing two years of study. Upon returning to India, he wrote various compositions against social attitudes.
Rabindra Nath Tagore Contribution To Literature.
The field of Rabindra Nath Tagore’s literary creation is very wide. Because he was a man of versatility.
Because Rabindra Nath Thakur’s literary education is attributed to one of his enlightened teachers Gyanachandra Bhattacharya,
Who not only obtained the life of ‘Kumarasambhavam‘ composed by Mahakavi Kalidas but also fully memorized it.
Rabindranath Tagore began writing poetry at the early age of twelve as a result of the good values received from family and teachers. When he was fourteen years old, he also composed a song called ‘Valmiki-Pratibha‘.
As well as after this, he wrote poetry, fiction, novels, dramas, essays, and travel journals prabhriti abundant literature in all genres.
Compositional of Loving Kavya Geetanjali
The epic Gitanjali was composed by Rabindra Nath Tagore in 1909. So among the various compositions from this period, Gitanjali is his best work. So after writing Gitanjali, he gained fame as a great poet, writer, and storyteller worldwide.
As well as he was awarded the Best Nobel Prize for Literature in 1913 for Gitanjali’s English translation of his poetry collections.
Author Of The National Anthem Of India
Rabindranath Tagore has authored the Indian national anthem “Jana Gana Mana”.
Marriage of Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore married a Sukanya named Mrinalini in 1883. And she was a woman of a sweet, simple, and innocent nature. And his married life was completely successful.
Husband: The wife had immense love. They had five children. He had three daughters: Madhurilata, Renuka and Meera Devi, and two sons, Rathindra and Samindranath.
At the age of 22, when Rabindranath Ji began to participate in national activities along with the creation of literature and zamindari and he always opposed the breakup of 1905.
As well as His composition of patriotic songs is scattered everywhere And Rabindranath Tagore’s song ‘Swarna Bangal Ka Gaurav Gaan’ became very famous in Bengal.
Establishment Of Shanti Niketan
Shanti-Niketan was established only during the year of Rabindranath Thakur’s birth. When his father Devendranath went to attend a Brahmo Samaj prayer meeting. Going there, he liked Shanti Niketan land so much that he leased twenty great lands.
So Trees were planted in that land. Sometimes Devendranath used to go there out of solitude and then Rabindranath Tagore used to go with him.
After the establishment of the Shanti-Niketan Trust in 1888, the Brahmo Samaj conventions also started each year. Once, a Christian missionary named Alexander Duff pressured a student named Umesh Chandra Sarkar to convert.
Because Umesh Chandra was a student at the Missionary School. But he kidnaps his wife for not obeying Duff. When the information of this incident reached Maharishi Rabindranath Tagore, these antics of the Christian missionaries hurt his heart a lot and so then he said:
“One day, the cycle of fate will force the British to abandon their Indian empire. But what kind of India will they leave and how terrible will poverty be? When the centuries-old administration flow dries up, what kind of debris and dirt will they leave behind. “
As well as In 1909 Shanti-Niketan, Rabindranath Tagore established a new type of Paddatiya Vidyalaya ashram. Because in this school, arrangements were made to educate the children according to their interests and nature.
So Maharishi himself used to bear the costs of this school. For this, because he had to sell his house and even his wife jewellery.
Philosophy Of Education
So Gurudev Rabindranath Tagore, in an article describing the boring clocks of his school, wrote that and “In the flickering light, Master used to teach the first English book to dear Pyarcharan Sarkar. Before reading, then the dream began to come … “.
But a boring type of education inspired him to follow the educational system in Shanti-Niketan art, full of music and beautiful nature.
When he travelled to Europe a second time, he was in his 30s and the details were published in the ‘Sadhana’ magazine. Because in 1912 Kavindra Rabindra again travelled to London and America.
So The purpose of his visit was to study Denmark’s collaborative learning method and exchange ideas with people about Shanti Niketan educational system in Europe.
During the trip to Europe, the first edition of Gitanjali by Rabindranath Tagore was published by the ‘India Society’ in London. But after this, his Geetanjali was held in England. in 1913 Rabindranath Tagore received the Gitanjali Nobel Prize.
His fame grew even more after receiving the Nobel Prize. and today his Gitanjali and other works have been translated into many languages of the world.
D. Litt. The Title
The peak of literature – Rabindranath Tagore honoured with the honour, D.L. Awarded an honorary degree.
Title Of Master and renunciation of knighthood
So Dear friends and in 1915, the English government conferred the title of ‘Sir’ on Rabindranath Tagore. But the Jallianwala Bagh massacre in 1919 took place. Due to which, sadly, he returned the title of Sir (knighthood).
Shanti Niketan: World Indian University
As well as In 1921, Maharishi Rabindranath Tagore developed Shanti-Niketan and gave it the form of Vishwa Bharati University. Soon Shanti Niketan became the centre of the country-specific Vidya Vibhuti.
Because in Visva-Bharati, buildings were constructed for teaching various languages and literature of art, learning, country and abroad. An institution called ‘Sriniketan‘ was also established with a view to upgrading the new social consciousness and rural crafts among the rural masses.
Dear friends the more important was the literature of Rabindra Nath Tagore, he is the more inspiring was his personality. so loved him
So the introduction of his personality is his literature. Because the truth of which he has transformed into a beautiful form of his poetry, and the same truth he had made in his life.
So his unprecedented contribution as a litterateur and artist, peace, thinker and social reformer is incredible.
But Rabindranath Tagore died on the full moon day of August 7, 1941, at the age of 80, but even today, we remember this great writer, painter, every year by celebrating him as Rabindranath Birthday and whenever the discussion of Indian thinker and litterateur goes on If it is, their name will be taken as a category.
So, friends, I hope you enjoyed this life story, Rabindra Nath Tagore is an inspirational personality, and he is a great poet, as well as he is author of the national anthem. Rabindra Nath Tagor says: Because I love this life and I know that I will love my death too. The baby cries when the mother takes it away from the right breast, and the second moment the mother brings the baby to the left breast, she is comforted.
Frequently Asked Questions
Gurudev is nick name of Rabindra Nath Tagore.
Rabindra Nath Tagore is author of national anthem.
Nobel Prize for Literature
Rabindranath Tagore born in Calcutta.
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