Do you know Cricket Game and its Rules? Yes, You know this Game. This game is very popular and played all over the world. Do you know how to play Cricket?
This game is bat and ball game played between two teams with 11 players each. They adjudicated the match by two umpires and also by third umpires.
They played the match on a field at a center of 22 yard pitch. At the pitch both side wickets are located, each wicket has 3 stump with 2 bails placed on it. They scored the runs from the batting side.
If the batsman does not able to hit the ball and ball dislocate the bails placed on the stump or batsman hits the ball but ball becomes cached by a fielder on the ground before ball hits to the ground so the batsman is out.
So in this blog I will discuss about Cricket that will teach you how to play which you can implement to improve your game.
Let’s Find Out-
- History of Cricket
- Laws and Gameplay of Cricket
- Women’s Cricket
- National Competitions
- Examples of Best Players
History of Cricket-
- This game was originated in south east countries in England as a children’s Game.
- After that in 1550 this was played by boys in Surrey as it was known for children’s Game.
- During 1760 the cricket bat was Evolved from the hockey stick.
- After that in 18th century this game become the England’s national sport.
- During 1707 cricket become prominent from London.
- After that in 1748 season on single wicket form of sport become popular.
- After that Underwent Bowling was evaluated in 1760.
- This changing style of bowling with a bouncing ball, it is necessary to change the shape of the bat from old hockey stick.
- During 1760 the Hambledon Club was founded.
- During 1787 the Lord’s Old Ground was opened.
- After that The First Roundarm suspended the under hand bowling in 19th century and over arms bowling was introduced.
- The eight leading country clubs formed the official Country Championship during 1889 and began from 1890.
- W. G. Grace was the famous player during 19th century.
- This was called the Golden Age Of Cricket at two decades before the First World War.
- After that this game was established in Australia, India, New Zealand, North America, and South Africa during the time of middle of 19th century.
- United States and Canada was the first to play international match during 1844.
- The first ever Test Match took place at Melbourne Cricket Ground between Australia and England team during 1876- 77.
- After first Test Match was played it become popular during 1882.
- In test batting Don Bradman of Australia had a record of 99.94 average.
The Rise of Limited Overs Cricket-
- After that in 1963 the new era was introduced the limited overs variant which was formed by English Countries.
- The first limited overs international match was played during 1971.
- After that in 1975 the first limited overs Cricket World Cup was played.
- 20- 20 matches had made an huge immediate impact during 21st century.
Laws and Gameplay of Cricket-
In cricket, they coded the rules in The Laws Of Cricket. In which 42 laws was maintained and owned by The Marylebone Cricket Club since 1788 in London.
Rules of Playing Cricket-
This game is bat and ball game played between two teams with 11 players each.
They adjudicated the match by two umpires and also by third umpires.
According to the rules in The Laws Of Cricket the field is usually in circular or oval in shape which edge of playing area is marked by a boundary.
However they played the match on a field at a center of 22 yard pitch.
At the pitch both side wickets are located, each wicket has 3 stump with 2 bails placed on it. Therefore they scores the runs from the batting side.
If the batsman does not able to hit the ball and ball dislocate the bails placed on the stump or batsman hits the ball but ball become catches by a fielder on the ground before ball hits to the ground so the batsman is out.
The pitch is marked by four white painted lines that are a bowling, popping and two return creases.
The stump is allocated at the center of bowling creases with 8 feet and 8 inches long. And 4 feet in front of bowling crease the popping crease is drawn parallel to it.
Also check our Chess Blog.
Rules of Match Structure and Closure of Cricket–
According to the rules in The Laws Of Cricket when the match started both the team captains toss a coin to decide whose team will bat first and who will fields. Therefore we called this first inning.
There can be 2 to 4 innings depending on type of match. However one team bats and other team bowls and fields we called as 1st inning and the teams change roles.
The 4 inning match is played over 3 to 4 days. The match of 2 innings completed in 1 day. They usually announced order of batsmen before the match but it can be change any time.
Each team has to score more runs by bating in allocated over. If the team does not make more runs than opponent team than it said to be ‘lost by x runs’ and if team makes more runs than opponent team than it is said to be ‘won by x wickets’.
The umpire has a power to abandon the match if there is bad light or rain in any form of cricket.
Rules of Bat and Ball in Cricket–
According to the rules in The Laws Of Cricket the bat is made up of wood (salix alba) which has the shape of blade with a cylindrical handle topped on it.
The bat should not be more than 38 inches in length and the blade should not more than 108 mm wide. There is no standard weight of the bat usually between 2 lb 7 oz and 3 ib.
Ball is of 22.9 cm in circumference which is made up of leather. In addition the ball has six rows of stitches attaching the leather shell of the ball.
The ball has a ‘seam’. The players polished the ball during the match and they can wet it with sweat or saliva which is legal this is usually done for more swing through the air.
Rules of Fielding in Cricket–
According to the rules in The Laws Of Cricket there are 11 fielders on the field, their position are determined on the tactical basis by the captain and bowler.
No fielder is allowed to field back of bowler and wicket keeper. However the fielding positions can be change any time between deliveries which are decided by the captain and bowler.
If any fielder is injured then the substitute is allowed to field but substitute fielder is not allowed to do bowling. If the injured fielder is fit to return in field then substitute fielder leaves the field.
During 2017 they updated the Law of Cricket to allow substitute to act as wicket – keeper.
Rules of Clothing and Equipment in Cricket–
According to the rules in The Laws Of Cricket protection of players is very important so wicket keeper and batsmen wear protective gear for their health and safety.
They are allowed to wear pads, batting gloves or wicket – keeper’s gloves for the hand, a safety helmet for the head and they also wear a box inside the trousers. The batsmen can wear extra safety things.
The player must wear long trouser, a collared shirt with short or long sleeves, cricket cap, woolen pullover and spiked shoes or boots to increase traction and safety helmet.
- During 1745 women cricket was first recorded in Surrey.
- After that in 1934 they played the first test match between Australia and England.
- They founded The International Women’s Cricket Council during 1958.
- After that in 2005 they merged with ICC.
- The first Women’s World Cup held in England during 1973.
- After that in 1 October 2015 they launched the first time ICC Women Ranking.
- First – class cricket was played by 18 country clubs in England with contest the Country Championship.
- Yorkshire is the most successful club who had won 32 official titles.
- During 1892 – 93 the national first class championship was established in Australia.
- The highest number of titles had by New South Wales.
Examples of Best Players-
- Sir Don Bradman
- Sachin Tendulkar
- Gary Sobers
- Sir Vivian Richards
- Kapil Dev
- Imran Khan
- Ian Botham
- Dennis Lillee
- Jacques Kallis
- Muttiah Muralitharan
- Sabe Warne
- Wasim Akram
- Brian Lara
- Ricky Ponting
- Sanath Jaysuriya
- Glenn Donald McGrath
- Javed Miandad
- Shaun Pollock
- Wally Hammond
- Jack Hobbs
In Conclusion now a day’s cricket becomes most popular game of all over time. As a result we all played this game every corner of the world now days. It’s helps to develop new skills and also helps to keep our body healthy. Sachin Tendulkar and Kapil Dev have eared name and fame in cricket all over the world.
In 1550 the cricket was played by boys in Surrey as it was known for children’s Game.
In 7 June 1975 cricket world cup was started.
In 18th century cricket was started in India.
England team is the best in the world with 6967 points.
From Hockey Game cricket was originated.