There are over 1.5 billion websites on the internet today and more than 50,000 websites are created every day. The evolution of the internet and website began in 1990 when Sir Tim Berners Lee created the World Wide Web at CERN laboratory.
The launch of the first live website and the first web browser became possible due to the technologies developed by him.
He developed them in order to introduce a new information revolution and the whole world adopted it as a means of communication.
Moreover, it transformed the look, features, performance, and security of websites. Every large, medium and even small enterprise owns a website in order to build their brand and online identity.
- Types of a Website
- Web Designing vs Web Development
- Launch History of Popular Websites
Types of a Website
The web technologies were not so advance at the beginning and the internet connection speeds were also not so fast. Therefore, the structures of webpages were very basic.
Today there are many types of websites such as blogs, corporate, community forum, e-commerce, educational, news, portfolio, social media, web portal, etc. But according to their features, the category is narrow.
In the context of design and development, they have major types-
Static websites are those websites that are steady as well as stable. It means whenever somebody wants to access that website, the content of every webpage will be similar for all the users. However, we can visit a static website but cannot edit or modify any of the components.
Example- Blogs, Hexo, Octopress, etc.
Dynamic websites are those whose content keeps changing in real-time. So, every user has different content available on their screen.
New webpages keep creating when a user performs their activities and a dynamic website has no fix size website.
Dynamic websites are complex in terms of coding and also expensive as compared to static websites. They require a dedicated server to handle the traffic from all the regions.
Example- Amazon, Facebook, Youtube, etc.
Responsive websites are adaptive in nature. They consist of flexible grids that can adjust their content according to the screen resolution of the device they are displayed on (whether mobile, tablet, or desktop).
Static and Dynamic both websites can have a responsive nature and provide a better user experience.
Responsive designs are the choice of every web developer to make it ready for the mobile-first strategy because nowadays, many people use internet more on their phone as compared to desktop.
Example- Github, Shopify, Wikipedia, etc.
Web Designing vs Web Development
There are so many online tools available today to create your online identity without being a tech geek.
But the building process of a smooth and bug-free website requires knowledge of computer languages and web technologies.
For a normal user, publishing a website needs to write some pieces of code and also upload it on a server. But they don’t know that the role of each coder is not the same.
The process of building a site in which the programmer writes his whole code in order to design the physical appearance of the website is Front-End Development. The programmer is a Front-End Developer or a Web Designer.
The process in which the programmer provides functionality to a website is Back-End Development. Users cannot see those codes but it is essential for its operations. The programmer is a Back-End Developer or a Web Developer. In this process, the programmer uses server-side languages such as PHP, .NET, Python.
As compared to a web designer, the task of a web developer is tough and he is always concerned about factors like website security, webpage loading time, content management, database, etc.
Full Stack Developer
If you know few people belonging to a programming background, then you have always seen a comparison between a front-end developer and a back-end developer. People always keep comparing their skills.
But the fact is that both of them have proficiency in their field and both of them play an important role in developing a quality website.
The developers who are sharp in both the skills i.e. front-end and-back end are Full-Stack Developers.
Launch History of Popular Websites
Amazon is the world’s largest e-commerce company. Jeff Bezos, a business tycoon established it in 1994. Formerly, he incorporated it with the name Cadabra Inc. on 5th July but lately, he changed the name to Amazon.
Firstly, Jeff Bezos started the company from his garage rented at Bellevue, Washington to sell books online. Soon it became the most popular online book store and the company launched its IPO in May 1997. The founder of Amazon, Jeff Bezos is the richest man in the world.
eBay is a global online auction marketplace. It owner Pierre Omidyar is an American entrepreneur. Firstly, he launched eBay as The AuctionWeb on 3rd September 1995 in San Jose, California.
The first sold item on the website was a broken laser pointer for 14.83 US Dollars. In September 1997 AuctionWeb was officially renamed eBay and today it is one of the largest players in the e-commerce industry across the world.
Netflix Inc. is a company that provides online media streaming services on a subscription model. It was founded by Reed Hastings and Marc Randolph in 1997, and its headquarter is in Los Gatos, California.
Firstly, Netflix offered rental movies and DVDs to customers through e-mail. Later in 1999, it introduced an online subscription service on netflix.com, offering unlimited rentals for a monthly price.
Eventually it expanded its service with time and started creating their own media content. Today Netflix is the world’s leading online video streaming service, operating in over 190 countries.
Google is an international tech company. Larry Page and Sergey Brin founded Google as a research project when they were pursuing Ph.D. from Stanford University in California.
Firstly, they developed it in 1996 as a search engine in order to index and rank webpages through algorithms.
Larry Page and Sergey Brin spent their earlier days in a garage and formerly, the name of the project was Backrub. They incorporated it as Google Inc. on September 4, 1998.
Blogger is an open platform and the most powerful tool to post blogs and articles on the internet. It is also popular as blogspot.com and developed by Pyra Labs (a tech company) on 23rd August 1999.
They started it at the peak time of the dot com boom. In February 2003, Google acquired Pyra Labs and redesigned it with additional features.
Wikipedia is the world’s largest multilingual encyclopedia where you can find detailed articles on every topic written and reviewed by experts. Jimmy Wales and Larry Sanger launched it on 15th January 2001.
It is hosted and funded by Wikimedia Foundation which is a non-profit organization. Wikipedia is a bank of information and available in 285 languages today.
iTunes Store is an online digital media platform launched by Apple Inc. on 28th April 2003. The man behind iTunes and Apple was Steve Jobs, who was a business magnate and a great opportunist.
iTunes was initially available for Mac computers and iPod users and in October 2003, it was available on Windows platform also.
Facebook is a worldwide use social media platform developed by Mark Zuckerberg with his fellow students at Harvard University. Earlier Mark created FaceMash for Harvard students only which were a photo comparison website. Two photos were uploaded next to each other and the users were asked to choose the hotter one.
FaceMash was shut down by the administration of Harvard University within a few days. Then he started to write a code for and launched it on 4thFebruary 2004. The domain was thefacebook.com and later in the summer of 2004, it was incorporated as Facebook.
YouTube is an online video sharing platform where anyone can upload videos and broadcast them worldwide. It was developed by three employees of PayPal (Chad Hurley, Steve Chen, JawedKarim) on 14th February 2005, initially headquartered over a Japanese restaurant in California.
YouTube was acquired by Google in 2006 for 1.65 billion US Dollars. Today YouTube is the second largest search engine after Google or it can be said the largest video search engine.
Twitter is a microblogging and social networking site developed by Jack Dorsey, Noah Glass, Biz Stone, Evan Williams in March 2006, and launched on 15th July 2006. The idea was introduced by Jack Dorsey and the initial name of the project was twttr. The users registered on twitter can post short messages called “tweets”.
The first tweet posted on twitter was written by Jack Dorsey, “just setting up my twttr”. The early character limit of tweets was 140 characters which was extended to 280 characters in 2017.
Dropbox is a file hosting service that offers cloud storage to backup your data, keep it safe and encrypted. Also, you can access it from any device through the internet. It was developed by MIT students Drew Houston and Arash Ferdowsi.
They got seed funding from Y Combinator (a startup accelerator) for their startup. For this futuristic concept, Dropbox received “Macworld’s Editor’s Choice Award” and also “Crunchie Award 2010” for the best internet application.
Instagram is a photo-video sharing social media platform developed by Kevin Systrom and Mike Krieger on 6th October 2010. Firstly, the application was launched only for iOS devices. Its unique filters and square frame to upload media files made it so popular among the youngsters.
By the end of 2010, it gained 1 million subscribers and till September 2011, Instagram had 10 million registered users. In April 2012, Facebook acquired Instagram for 1 billion US Dollars and also released an android version of the app.
After that, Instagram has shown tremendous growth and still the most popular social networking platform for individuals as well as businesses.
Today we use websites with animations and advanced graphics. But in the beginning, every popular website was very basic with a limited number of features. There were no heavy images because the data speeds were also low and the internet was not easily affordable at that time.
Today web development has a number of frameworks and content management systems for to create and manage a website in an easy and efficient way.
You don’t need to have a professional programmer to develop the front-end or back-end of a website. There are many options such as WordPress, Wix, Weebly, Joomla, etc. where you can build your own website.
To become a web designer, the root of skills is the knowledge of HTML, CSS and JavaSript language. You should have basic sense of sketching and color psychology.
You should learn the tools like Photoshop, CorelDRAW to design the prototype and the frameworks available to ease the process of web designing.
A web designer is responsible to provide the best user interface possible. It is an advantage if you know the basics of Search Engine Optimization.
To become a back-end web developer, you have to learn the basics of data structure and algorithms. You should be good in at least one programming language from PHP, Node.js, Python, Ruby, etc.
Also you have to study about relational database such as Oracle, MySQL, MariaDB, etc. and web servers like Apache, Nginx, Caddy, etc.
A web developer should understand web hosting, content management system and how to create RESTful API.
You can not compare a web designer and web developer. Both have their own value in their respective fields. If we talk about the earning, it depends on your skills, talent, and the quality you deliver with your work.
You can get a person who can agree to do a task in the price of your choice and on the other hand, there are many persons who don’t negotiate in their pricing.
So, it doesn’t matter whatever your career filed is. You should be a master in your field to earn the amount of your choice.
API stands for Application Programming Interface. The API of a website is a code that allows two different websites or software to communicate with each other and exchange some information. It uses HTTP requests to GET, PUT, POST, and DELETE data.
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